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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.5 (11), pp. 353-359, November 2017
ISSN 2354-4147

Poultry Based Intervention as a Tool for Rural Women Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Review
Article Number: DRJA43357469
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS.2017.7469

Review


Kiros Abebe* and Etalem Tesfaye


1Wollega University College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, P.O. Box 38, Shambu, Ethiopia.

2Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 32, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.

*Corresponding author E-mail: kabebe52@gmail.com.


date Received: September 14, 2017     date Accepted: October 11, 2017     date Published: October 17, 2017

Abstract

Gender analysis reveals that while women play critical roles in agriculture, they face greater barriers than men to increasing their productivity and income. Furthermore, around the world, women are the primary agents in providing for the wellbeing of their families and communities. Barriers to access in agriculture, the sector that forms the foundation of the economy for the rural poor, have severely limited women’s ability to foster sustainable agricultural growth. The global economic crisis has exacerbated these inequities, diminishing many of the previous gains women farmers had experienced in this sector. It is crucial to address the needs of both women and men farmers through gender integration in all aspects of agricultural development and each link of the agricultural value chain. This will ensure the people who are tasked with growing food have the essential capabilities needed to improve nutritional status, food security and economic sustainability around the world.  Poverty is more prevalent in rural areas where, for many people, village poultry plays a significant income generating role. They are more portable than land and crops and are a “living savings bank” that may be used throughout the year. Poultry can also be an appropriate means of promoting gender equality and empowerment, since women tend to have more control over poultry production and marketing without needing to seek their husband‘s permission (than in other activities).


Key words: Empowerment, poultry, poverty, women