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Direct Research Journals
Vol.3 (1), pp. 1-11, March, 2015
ISSN: 2449-0814

Assessment of knowledge and practice of standard precautions among nurses working at Federal Medical Centre Gombe, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA17085448
DOI:

Original Research Article


Saidu Mohammed Abubakar1, Habu Haruna2, Kever Robert Teryila3*, Dathini Hamina4, Inuwa Ahmadu5, Maigari Babaji6 and Kellu Umar Bulama7


1Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe, Borno state,Nigeria.
2,3,4,5,6,7Department of Nursing Science, University of Maiduguri, Borno state,Nigeria.


date Received: February 7, 2015     date Accepted: March 7, 2015     date Published: March 30, 2015

Abstract

This study assessed the knowledge and practice of standard precautions among nurses working at Federal Medical Centre Gombe. The objectives of the study were to determine knowledge, compliance, factors hindering the practice of universal precautions as well as ways of improving the practice. A total number of one hundred and sixty (160) nurses working at FMCG participated in the study. The demographic indices show that the respondents have different category of ranks, years of service and are located across different ward/units of the hospital. Majority of the respondents 96 (60%) are however female while 64 (40%) are male.The study showed that nurses in FMCG have deficient knowledge about standard precaution as many of the respondents were not aware that standard precautions is applied to all patients irrespective of their diagnosis and only a few have good knowledge of the components of standard precautions. The study revealed that years of experience has influence on practice of standard precaution. However, 32.5% of Nurses were not aware that standard precaution is applied to all patients irrespective of their diagnosis or presumed infection status and 71.25% have poor knowledge of the components of standard precautions. Sub-optimal utilization of protective devices was noted despite its availability. Negative attitude, limited knowledge and nursing personal were major barriers. In view of the above, change in behavior, mandatory seminars/workshops, and specific policies on universal precaution were strongly recommended. Nurses should endeavor to practice standard precaution always irrespective of the patient diagnosis or presumed infection status.


Key words: knowledge, practice, standard precaution, Gombe.