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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Public Health and Environmental Technology (DRJPHET):Vol. 2 (4), pp. 36-43, November, 2017
ISSN 4372-2603

Assessing the Prevalence Rate of HIV among Juvenile Female Food Vendors in Gombe State: A Case study of Grains Merchants Market Gombe-Metropolis
Article Number: DRJA29608112

Original Research Article

*1Adamu, Sani Jauro, 2Danladi, Musa and 3Mahmoud, Aisha Babayo

1Department of Geography, Gombe State University Tudun-Wada Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.

2Department of Urban and Regional Development, Federal Ministry of Power, Works and Housing Kano Field Office, Kano State, Nigeria.

3Department of Biological Sciences, Gombe State University, Gombe State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:

date Received: November 2, 2017     date Accepted: November 23, 2017     date Published: November 25, 2017


A study to assess the prevalence rate of HIV among Juvenile Female Food Vendors was conducted around the Grains Merchants market in Gombe-Metropolis during the commemoration of 2016 world Aids day, using voluntary counseling and testing method. A total of 83-people were tested after counseling with Determine HIV test kit, out of which 73 are male labourers and 10 were female juvenile food vendors. The result reveals that all the client tested were non-reactive (HIV negative) with the exception of one female juvenile food vendor whose result shows that she is reactive (HIV positive) with symptom of AIDS (Skin rashes), and after some days she was tested again at Gombe State Specialist Hospital Laboratory and her result is still reactive (HIV positive). Therefore, from the result of this investigation it is clear that in every group of 10 female juvenile food vendors screen there is that probability of one among them been HIV positive, as such the significance of intensifying campaign of HIV prevention, treatment, care and support cannot be over emphasized in Gombe state most especially now that the state has been categorized by Nigerian National Agency for the Control of Aids (NACA) as a HIV maintenance state since the trend of HIV infection is going down from 8.2.% in 2001 as a HIV priority state to 3.2% in 2016 as a HIV maintenance state. The future implication of this result is that if new HIV infections are being discovered among female juvenile, then the state stand the risk of going back into the list of HIV priority states. Therefore, the research recommends that state government should enact a law that would compel parent to send their children to school rather than street hawking and also make sure that perpetrators of rape are sentenced to life imprisonment or sentenced to death by hanging as being recommended to the state government by its committee on the review of punishment for rape. The research further recommends that government should be more proactive by taking ownership of the problem of HIV/AIDS and ensure increase funding rather depending on donor funding and this can be achieved by exploring innovative financing methods such as dedicated tax levies and establishment of HIV/AIDS investment funds. Finally, the research recommends that state government should join the international community in the search for HIV/AIDS vaccine by integrating the traditional medicine practitioners into the process so that the efficacy of some Africa herbs in addressing the threat pose by HIV/AIDS can further be tested .

Key words: Grains Merchants Market, Juvenile Female Food Vendors, HIV Rate, Gombe-Metropoli