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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Health and Pharmacology:Vol.5 (1), pp. 1-6, July 2017
ISSN 2449-0814

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among pregnant women in kabba, Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State
Article Number: DRJA23535189
DOI:

Original Research Article


M. M. Adeboye1, A. G. Agieni2, A. S. Baki3 and A. Bello4*


1,2Department of Microbiology Kogi State University Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria.

3Microbiology Department Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, State, Nigeria.

 4Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author Email: abccrcfge28@gmail.com


date Received: May 25, 2017     date Accepted: July 7, 2017     date Published: July 23, 2017

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Kabba and to identify risk factors for hepatitis B viral infection in pregnant women. One hundred and ninety-eight (198) pregnant women who consented voluntarily after thorough explanation of the purpose of the study were recruited for this study. The blood samples were tested for the presence of antibodies against HBV using rapid test strip. With SPSS 16.0, Chi square statistical test was used to establish association between the risk factors and HBsAg seropositivity. Analysis of the result shows that 3(1.51%) of the pregnant women had HBsAg which categorize Kabba among low prevalence of HBV infection. Statistical analysis, however, showed no significant difference (p>0.05) between the prevalence and the age of patients. Tattoo/tribal mark (p = 0.057); marital status (p = 0.479), Number of sexual partner (p = 0.493), blood transfusion (p = 0.687), History of surgery (p = 0.160), history of vaccination (p = 0.779), were not significantly associated with HBsAg seropositivity among the study patients because p>0.05, on the contrary educational status showed a statistical significance (p = 0.010). This study, however, confirmed Hepatitis B Surface antigenemia among apparently healthy pregnant women in Kabba, Kogi State, Nigeria.


Key words: Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), pregnant women, Kabba