Total Views: 104
Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.6 (3), pp. 73-83, March 2018
ISSN 2354-4147

Bio-fertilizers as key player in enhancing soil fertility and crop productivity: A Review
Article Number: DRJA27094815
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS.2018.4815

Review


Itelima, J. U.,1* Bang, W. J., 2 Onyimba, I. A.,3  Sila, M. D4. and Egbere, O. J.5


1, 2,4Department of Plant Science and Technology, University of Jos, Nigeria.

3Department of Laboratory Science and Technology, University of Jos, Nigeria.

5Department of Microbiology, University of Jos, Nigeria.

Corresponding author E-mail: janetitelima@yahoo.com


date Received: January 30, 2018     date Accepted: February 25, 2018     date Published: March 7, 2018

Abstract

Plants nutrients are essential for the production of crops and healthy food for the world’s ever increasing population. Soil management strategies today are mainly dependent on inorganic chemical-based fertilizers, which cause a serious threat to human health and the environment. Bio-fertilizer has been identified as an alternative for increasing soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming. The exploitation of beneficial microbes as bio-fertilizers has become of paramount importance in agricultural sector due to their potential role in food safety and sustainable crop production. Bio-fertilizer can be an important component of integrated nutrients management. Microorganisms that are commonly used as bio-fertilizer components include; nitrogen fixers potassium and phosphorus solubilizers, growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs), endo and ecto mycorrhizal fungi, cyanobacteria and other useful microscopic organisms. The use of bio-fertilizers leads to improved nutrients and water uptake, plant growth and plant tolerance to abiotic and biotic factors. These potential biological fertilizers would play a key role in productivity and sustainability of soil and also in protecting the environment as eco-friendly and cost effective inputs for the farmers.


Keywords: Bio-fertilizer, soil, fertility, crop, productivity

 

REFERENCES

 

Abdul Halim NB (2009). Effects of using enhanced bio-fertilizer containing N-fixer bacteria on patchouli growth. Thesis faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang, pp. 145.

Adesemoye AO, Kloepper JW (2009). Plant-microbes interactions in enhanced fertilizer use efficiency. Applied Microbiology Biotechnology, (85): 1 – 12.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-009-2196-0
PMid:19707753

 

Ansari MW, Trivedi DK, Sahoo RK, Gill SS, Tuteja N (2013). A critical review on fungi mediated plant responses with special emphasis to Piriformo sporaindica on improved production and protection of crops. Plant Physiological Biochemistry, (70): 403 – 410.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2013.06.005
PMid:23831950

 

Backman PA, Sikora RA (2008). An emerging tool for biological control. Biological Control, (46): 1 – 3.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2008.03.009

 

Barak, (1999). Essential elements for plant’s growth, published by Nature publishers. pp. 1- 5.

 

Bhattacharyya P N, Jha DK (2012). Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR): emergence in agriculture. World Journal of Microbiotechnology, (28): 1327 – 1350.

 

Chang CH, Yang SS (2009). Thermotolerant phosphate solubilizing microbes for multifunctional bio-fertilizer preparation. Bioresearch Technology, 100: 1648–1658.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2008.09.009
PMid:18951782

 

Chen J (2006). The combined use of chemical and organic fertilizer and or bio-fertilizer for crop growth and soil fertility. International Workshop on sustained management of the Soil-rhizosphere system for efficient crop production and fertilizer use, pp 37 – 43.

 

Choudhury MA, Kennedy IR(2004). Prospects and potentials for system of biological nitrogen fixation in sustainable rice production. Biological Fertilizer and Soil, (39): 219 – 227.

 

Chun-Li W (2014). Present situation and future perspective of bio-fertilizer for environmentally friendly agriculture. Annal Reports, 1–5.

 

Daily Trust News Paper, 9th September, 2016. Pp 11.

 

Ezigbo U (2005). Studies on the production of biogas from droppings and cow dung. Unpublished B.Sc. Thesis, Department of Botany. University of Jos. Pp. 1; 10 – 26.

 

Galloway JV (2007). Human alteration of the nitrogen cycle. Threats, benefits and opportunities, UNESCO – SCOPE policy briefs, Journal of Science, 1 (5): 25 – 27.

 

Grabber N, GallowayJV (2008). An earth system of the global nitrogen cycle. Nature publishers, pp. 293 – 296.
https://doi.org/10.1038/nature06592
PMid:18202647

 

Gupta, A.K. (2004). The Complete Technology Book on Biofertilizer and Organic Farming. National Institute of industrial research press, India, pp. 242 – 253.

 

Hari M, Perumal K (2010). Booklet on Bio-fertilizer (phosphabacteria). Shri Annm Murugapa Chettiar Research Centre Taramani Chennai, pp.1–6.

 

Hussain N, Mujeeb F, Tahir M, Khan GD, Hassan NM, Bari A (2002). Effectiveness of Rhizobium under salinity stress. Asian Journal of Plant Science, (4): 124 – 129.

 

Ifokwe NJ (1988). Studies on the production of biological fertilizer from domestic wastes and Azolla pinata (Singh). Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Plant Science and Technology, University of Jos. pp. 10 – 45.

 

Khosro M, Yousef S (2012). Bacterial bio-fertilizers for sustainable crop production: A review APRN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science, 7 (5): 237 – 308.

 

Knobeloch L, Salna B, Hogan A, Postle J, Anderson H (2009). Blue babies and Nitrate contaminating well water. Journal of Science, 2 (1): 6 – 24.

 

Kribacho M (2010). Fertilizer ratios. Journal of Science, 5 (8): 7 – 12

 

Laboski C (2011). Understanding salt index of fertilizers “unpublished B.Sc. project. Department of soil science, University of Wisconsin-Masison. Pp. 40 – 64.

 

Liddycoat SM, Greenberg BM, Wolyn DJ (2009). The effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on Asparagus seedlings and germinating seeds subjected to water stress under green house conditions, Canadian Journal of Microbiology, (55): 388 – 394.
https://doi.org/10.1139/W08-144
PMid:19396238

 

Mahimaraja S, Dooraisamy P, Lakshmanan A, Rajannah G, Udayasoorian C, Natarajan S (2008). Composting technology and organic waste utilization. Journal of Science, 1 (3): 332 – 560.

 

Mfilinge A, Mtei K, Ndakidemi P (2014). Effect of Rhizobium inoculation and supplementation with phosphorus and potassium on growth, leaf chlorophyll content and nitrogen fixation of bush bean varieties. American Journal of Research Communication, 2 (10): 49 – 57.

 

Mishra BK, Dadhick SK (2010). Methodology of nitrogen bio-fertilizer production unpublished B.Sc. Thesis, Department of Molecular and Biotechnology, RCA Udaipur. Pp. 4 – 16.

 

Purves WK, Sadava D, Orian GH, Graig-Heller H (2000). Life. The Science of Biology. Sixth edition, published by Sinauer Associates Inc. pp. 372 – 378.

 

Raja N (2013). Biopesticides and biofertilizers: Eco-friendly sources for sustainable agriculture. Journal of Biofertilizer Biopesticide, (3): 112- 115.
https://doi.org/10.4172/2155-6202.1000e112

 

Ritika B, Uptal D (2014). Bio-fertilizer a way towards organic agriculture: A Review Academic Journals, 8 (24): 2332–2342.

 

Rosen CJ, Horgan BP (2009). Prevention pollution problems from lawn and garden fertilizers. Journal of Science, (7): 97 – 103.

 

Ruiz-Sanchez M, Aroca R, Monoz Y, Ruiz-Lozano JM (2010). The arbuscular mycorrhiza symbiosis enhances the photosynthetic efficiency and the antioxidative response of rice plants subjected to drought stress. Journal of Plant Physiology, (167): 862 – 869.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2010.01.018
PMid:20227134

 

Santos VB, Araujo SF, Leite LF, Nunes LA, Melo JW (2012). Soil microbial biomass and organic matter fractions during transition from conventional to organic farming systems, Geoderma, (170): 227 – 231.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.11.007

 

Scalenghe R, Edward AC, Barberis E, Ajimone-Marson F (2012). Agricultural soil under a continental temperature climate susceptible to episodic reducing conditions and increased leaching of phosphorus. Journal of Management, (97): 141 – 147.

 

Sinha RK, Valani D, Chauhan K, Agarwal S (2014). Embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculture biotechnology using earthworms, International Journal of Agricultural Health Safety, (1): 50 – 64.

 

Somasegaran P, Springer H (1994). Carrier materials used in bio-fertilizer making. Nature publisher’s. pp. 2 – 6.
PMCid:PMC201998

 

Swathi V (2010). The use and benefits of bio-fertilizer and biochar on agricultural soils” unpublished B.Sc. Thesis, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Goteborg Sweden. pp. 20 – 24.

 

Taylor MD (1997). Accumulation of cadmium derived from fertilizers in New Zealand soils. Science of Total Environment, (3): 123 – 126.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(97)00273-8

 

Vessey JK (2003). Plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria as bio-fertilizers. Journal of Plant and Soil, 25 (43): 511 – 586.

 

Vishal KD, Abhishek C (2014). Isolation and characterization of Rhizobium leguminosarum from root nodules of Pisums sativum L. Journal of Academic and Industrial Research, 2 (2): 2278–5213.

 

Wander M (2010). Much more that plant nutrition. Nature publishers, pp. 53.

 

Wani SA, Chand S, Ali T (2013). Potential use of Azotobacter chroococcum in crop production. An overview. Current Agricultural Resource Journal, (1): 35 – 38.

 

Yang JW, Kloeppe JW, Ryu CM (2009). Rhizosphere bacteria help plants tolerate abiotic stress. Trends Plant Science, (14): 1 – 4.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2008.10.004
PMid:19056309

 

Youssef MMA, Eissa MFM (2012). Biofertilizers and their role in management of plant parasitic nematodes. A review. Biotechnology Pharmaceutical Resources (5): 1 – 6.