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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Biology and Biotechnology:Vol. 4(2), pp. 22-26, May 2018
ISSN 4372-2608

Bioethanol Production from Corn Cobs Wastes as Biofuel
Article Number: DRJA1973865701
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJBB.2018.5701

Original Research Article


1Tambuwal, A. D., *2Baki A. S.  and 3Bello, A.


1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria. 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.

3Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bakisbaki2000@yahoo.com


date Received: April 2, 2018     date Accepted: March 21, 2018     date Published: May 31, 2018

Abstract

Bioethanol is the ethanol from biomass through hydrolysis and fermentation processes. Raw materials of bioethanol are sugary, starch and fibrous materials. Wastes of corn cobs are one of many sources of fibrous materials. In this study, the effect of enzymatic hydrolysis was determined using corn cobs wastes in bioethanol production. Thirty gram of powdered corn cobs wastes were used for enzymatic hydrolysis. Pretreatment was carried out through hydrolysis and then it was fermented. Parameters such as reducing sugar, quality, concentration, density and viscosity of bioethanol production were determined. 0.167mg/ml, 76cm3, 0.331mg/l, 0.9995g/cm3 and 14.1g/cm3 respectively.


Keywords: Bioethanol, corn cobs, enzymatic hydrolysis, wastes materials