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Direct Research Journals
Vol.2 (5), pp. 55-59, June 2014

Studies on variability and character association in sugarcane (Saccharum spp ) under rainfed condition of North Eastern India
Article Number: DRJA17087543

Original Research Article


1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Assam Agril. University (AAU), Jorhat -785 013,India.
2Sugarcane Research Station, AAU, Buralikson, Golaghat -785 618,India.

date Received: April 7, 2014     date Accepted: May 24, 2014     date Published: May 24, 2014


An investigation was conducted at the Sugarcane Research Station, Buralikson (Assam), India during 2008-2009 and 2010-2011 for studying variability and correlation in thirty one early sugarcane (Saccharum spp) clones for yield, yield components and quality characters under the rainfed condition of Assam. The studies revealed moderate to high range of variation for germination (%), shoots number at 120 days, number of millable cane (’000/ha), cane height (cm), single cane weight (kg), cane yield (t/ha) and commercial cane sugar (t/ha). The variation was low for cane diameter and quality characters. The characters showing high genotypic and phenotypic variance, genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation, heritability with high genetic advance were number of millable cane, cane height and single cane weight. The characters showing high and significant correlation with cane yield were number of millable cane, germination (rg = 0.64*), shoot count, cane height and single cane weight. Hence, these characters must be given importance while selecting sugarcane clones for improvement in yield. The sugar recovery had high and significant correlation with field brix and sucrose (rg = 0.64*). Hence these two characters must be given importance for improvement in sugar recovery.

Key words: Coefficient of variation, heritability, genetic advance, correlation.