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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.7 (2), pp. 16-22, February 2019
ISSN 2354-4147

Cost Efficiency of Maize-Based Cropping Systems among Rain Fed Farmers in Adamawa State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA13249253

Original Research Article

*1Joseph, M., 1Danwanka, H. A. and 2Stephen, J.

1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

date Received: January 3, 2019     date Accepted: January 22, 2019     date Published: February 20, 2019


The study analyzed cost efficiency among maize-based farmers in Adamawa State, Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling technique was adopted to select a sample size of 310 respondents in 16 villages from 8 sampled Local Government Areas of the State. Data were collected through structured questionnaires and analyzed using descriptive statistics, stochastic production frontier model. The results revealed that majority (68.08%) of the respondents were male with mean age of 47 years. The mean household size was 8 with varying levels of formal education. Maize intercropped with other crops was the dominant (76.13%) cropping system accounting for 64.89% of the total area cultivated. The maximum likelihood estimate of the stochastic cost function revealed that the explanatory variables; age, education, extension contact and crop diversification were significantly and positively related to cost efficiency in the study area. The cost efficiency index ranged from 0.43-0.94 with a mean of 0.80.

Keywords: Cost efficiency, Maize-based, Cropping systems