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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science: Vol.4 (1), pp. 10-13, January 2016
ISSN: 2354-4147

Impact analysis of occupational hazard on the productivity of Rubber tappers in Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, Iyanomo, Benin City
Article Number: DRJA24135553
DOI:

Original Research Article


M. Umar H. Y., Agbonaye O. E*., Uwumarongie A. M. D. and Eboigbe G.


Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB 1049, Benin City, Nigeria.


date Received: December 2, 2015     date Accepted: January 16, 2016     date Published: January 24, 2016

Abstract

The study assessed the impact of occupational hazard on the productivity of rubber tappers in Rubber Research Institute Nigeria (RRIN), Iyanomo. Sixty-five tappers were selected by a multi-stage random sampling technique out of the hundred tappers in RRIN. Data for this study were obtained from primary sources, using questionnaires administered on the respondents. Data collected included gender, age, household, accident and  type of accidents, number of times absent from job, quantity of latex produced, quantity of coagular produced, and salary/wages of the tappers. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results of the analysis indicate that tapping was dominated by male as indicated by 81.5% of the total respondents. The average family size of the respondent was 5 persons which represent 56.9% of the total respondents.The analysis on accidents revealed 81.5% of the tappers had one form of accident or the other, most of which resulted from the use of cutlass/knife (43.1%), this was due to the fact that these items are the most common implement used by the tappers. The study suggested that the rate of accident can be reduced by the proper plantation management and also by employing more workers, in order to reduce the work load on individual tappers and the possibility of accidents. There is need also for regular workshop training on the best technical methods of tapping to minimize the incessant hazard and injuries among the tappers.


Key words: Hevea, hazard, productivity, occupational, tappers and research.