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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science:Vol.3 (4), pp. 21-27, August 2018
ISSN 4372-2601

Economic Importance and Widespread of Ectoparasites Infestation in Indigenous Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). A Study from Selected Local Government Councils and States in Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA248106392
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJVMAS.2018.6392

Original Research Article


*1Ahaotu, E. O., 2Akinfemi,  A. and 3Okorie, K. C.


1Department of Animal Production Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Technology, Yaba College of Technology Epe Campus, Lagos State, Nigeria.

3Department of Animal Science and Fisheries, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: emmaocy@yahoo.com


date Received: June 16, 2018     date Accepted: July 10, 2018     date Published: August 8, 2018

Abstract

A cross sectional study was conducted from June 2016 to August 2017 to identify the widespread of ectoparasites in indigenous chickens and its associated economic significance in randomly selected Local Government Councils and States in Nigeria.  A total of 1025 indigenous chickens were examined out of which 90.7% were infested with one or more ectoparasites species. Four types of ectoparasites genera were encountered in this study, 17.0% of the total chickens examined were infested with only one genera while 73.9% were infested with two or more different genera. Among the ectoparasites encountered, lice infestation (85.8%) was the most prevalent followed by mite (70.4%), Flea (27.3%) and tick (6.2%) in descending order of widespread. Ten different species of ectoparasites, namely Menopon gallinae, Lipeurus caponis, Goniodes gigas, Cnemidocoptes mutans, Dermanyssus gallinae, Epidermoptes species, Laminosioptes cysticola, Megninia species, Echidnophaga gallinacean and Argas persicus were identified in the study. Menopon gallinae (50%) was most frequently encountered while Megninia species (2.7%) was least prevalent. The findings of this study showed that ectoparasites infestations were highly prevalent among indigenous chicken flocks, which may likely affect their optimum productivity. Routine prevention and control of ectoparasites should be encouraged in the study areas.


Keywords: Indigenous chickens, ectoparasites, infestations, selected local government councils and states in Nigeria.