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Direct Research Journals
Ectoparasites of clinical importance in North-Western Nigeria: A clinical review:Vol. 4 (1), pp. 1-10, January 2018
ISSN 4372-2608

Ectoparasites of clinical importance in North-Western Nigeria: A clinical review
Article Number: DRJA48907305


Mohammed, A. A.

1Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

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date Received: December 20, 2017     date Accepted: January 17, 2018     date Published: March 29, 2018


The purpose of this review is to elucidate the effect ectoparasites on cattle, their mechanism of attack on the host and the control measures that are available to mitigate their parasitic effect on their host. Ectoparasite is a parasite that lives on or in the skin yet not inside the body. Bugs and lice are ectoparasites. Invasion with an ectoparasite is called an ectoparasitosis. There are two major classes of arthropods of veterinary importance, namely, the Insecta and Arachnida. For the purpose of this review, emphasis will be laid on the order Diptera. Diptera are an order of insects that involves the two-winged or genuine flies, which have the hindwings lessened to shape adjusting organs (halteres). It incorporates numerous gnawing structures, for example, mosquitoes and tsetse flies that are vectors of disease.

Keywords: Cattle, control measures,ectoparasite, disease