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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Biology and Biotechnology:Vol.4 (3), pp. 22-27, June 2018
ISSN 4372-2608

Effect of Physiochemical Parameters on the Growth performance of Clarias gariepinus fed with Commercial and Local Fish Feed
Article Number: DRJA763245094
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS.2018.5094

Original Research Article


*Solomon, R. J. and Onyemamuo, G. C.


Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Abuja, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: johnsol2004@yahoo.com


date Received: April 3, 2018     date Accepted: May 31, 2018     date Published: June 7, 2018

Abstract

The physiochemical parameters of the ponds: pond A (coppens) pond B (30% Moringa oleifera) and pond C (23% Telfairia occidentalis) were in the range of temperatures 25°C to 29°C, pH 6, dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, conductivity, nitrate and Ammonium were measured. The physiochemical parameters were in the range of 25°C to 29°C, 6.14 to 7.5, 6.45 to 70 mg/L, 2.1 to 6.2 mg/L, 18.05 to 20.55 u5/cm, 0.02 to 0.06 mg/L, and 0.14 to 0.09 mg/L respectively. Statistical analysis using mean, mode, median, minimum values and maximum values of all the experimental ponds to test the suitability of the water for fish growth. The mean initial weight ranged from 10.4 g to 11.4 g while mean final weight was 31.0 g to 40.6 g. Coppens has the highest average weight of 40.6 g while 30% moringa and 23% ugu (Telfairia occidentalis) has 33.0 g and 31.0 g respectively. 30% moringa had highest death rate. The daily weight gain (g/d) of treatment for pond A, B and C were 0.35 g/d, 0.28g/d and 0.25g/d respectively. The relative weight gain was highest in pond A (coppens) 256.1 while pond C (23% ugu) was the lowest with 198.0. It showed that fish yield was dependent on the quality management of pond water characteristic.


Keywords: Commercial and local fish feed, physicochemical parameters, Growth performance of clarias gariepinus