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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Social Science and Educational Studies:Vol.5 (1), pp. 1-4, March 2018
ISSN 2449-0806

Effects of computer assisted instruction and inquiry instructional methods on secondary schools students performance in biology in Kebbi State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA53761896

Original Research Article

Abubakar Abubakar1 and Yahaya M. Kamar2

1Department of Biology, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Kebbi State, Nigeria.

2Department of Science and Vocational Education, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Corresponding author E-mail:

date Received: February 3, 2018     date Accepted: March 8, 2018     date Published: March 13, 2018


This research compared computer assisted instruction (CAI) and inquiry instructional approach in teaching Biology as a subject in senior secondary in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The study employed a quasi-experiment design. The population comprised all senior secondary school students in (SS1) in 127 Schools in Kebbi State. A total of 12 SS1 intact classes were used for this study, two classes were drawn from each of the six 6 educational zones in the State, one male and one female school from each zone. One research instrument Biology Achievement Test (BAT) was used for data collection. Three null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistic and t-test. The major findings of the study indicated that; inquiry method was more effective than the CAI method in teaching biology; the level of performance was higher in students taught with inquiry method than students taught with CAI method. Female students taught biology with CAI in senior secondary school Kebbi state performed slightly better than male counterparts taught with the same method. Male students taught biology with inquiry in senior secondary school Kebbi state performed slightly better than male counterparts taught with the same method.

Keywords: Computer assisted instruction, inquiry instructional approach, and students’ performance in biology





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