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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Public Health and Environmental Technology: Vol.3 (4), pp. 48-57, August 2018
ISSN 4372-2603

Farmers Perception of Impact of Climate Change on Shrubs and Grasses in Semi-Arid Areas of Katsina State, Northern Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA705821983
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJPHET.2018.1983

Original Research Article


Lawal Abdulrashid,* and Yahaya Zayyana Ibrahim


Department of Geography,Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, P.M.B. 2218, Katsina, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail: lawal.abdulrashid@umyu.edu.ng


date Received: June 15, 2018     date Accepted: July 20, 2018     date Published: August 2, 2018

Abstract

Semi arid environment of Nigeria has been identified as an area highly vulnerable to climate change than other ecological zones of the country and the local people’s perception of biodiversity are vital source of information on pattern of vegetation changes. This study investigates the local perception of impact of climate change on shrubs and grasses in semi arid areas of Katsina state, northern Nigeria. Data were collected through questionnaire administration, focus group discussion, and key informants interview. Majority of the respondents in the six study villages of the three local governments reported late onset, early cessation, decreased duration of rainy season and increasing incidence of dry spell. More than 80% of the sampled villagers reported increasing intensity of temperature and the number of hot days.These changes had adversely affect the availability of plants biodiversity in the area particularly shrubs and grasses which the villagers attributed to the changing pattern of climatic elements particularly rainfall and temperature. More than 75% of shrubs and grasses mentioned by farmers were classified as decreased or disappeared. Findings from this study could be used as baseline information for conservation of species identified to be declining or disappearing in the study area.


Keywords: Climate change, perception, semiarid, shrubs, grasses