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Direct Research Journals
Vol.4 (9), pp. 248-258, September 2016
2354-4147

Assessing the Information Needs of Farmers: A Case Study of Smallholder of Rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA60875582
DOI:

Original Research Article


Igbinosa1, O. F; Onemolease2, E. A.; Umar1*, H.Y and Ogwuche, P1


1Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria, PMB 1049, Benin, Edo State Nigeria.

2Agricultural Economics and Extension Department, Ambrose Alli University,Ekpoma, Edo State Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:  haliru.umar@gmail.com


date Received: June 28, 2016     date Accepted: July 29, 2016     date Published: August 9, 2016

Abstract

The study analyzed the information needs of smallholder rubber farmers in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria. Specifically, the study examined the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers, determined their level of information and factors associated with farmers information needs. Data were collected from 270 respondents, comprising of 151 from Edo State and 119 from Delta State. The data were analysed using percentages; frequency distribution, Mann-Whitney test and logit regression. The results indicated that the mean age for Edo and Delta States being 48 and 47 years, respectively. All respondents, in the study area were male; majority of them (94.8%) were married with a mean family size of 8. As for educational qualification, majority of the respondents (91.1%) had formal education. The mean farming experience of the respondents was 34 years. The mean plantation size was 4.7 hectares while the mean annual revenue was N734, 440.70. The analyses also revealed that most respondents (73.7%) had contact with extension agents. Rubber Research Institute of Nigeria (RRIN) (77%) and Rubber estates (61.1%) were the major sources of information available to the respondents in the study area. The major information needs of the farmers included source of improved planting materials (mean = 3.90), current price of rubber latex/coagula (3.87), improved processing method of rubber latex (3.80), tapping methods (3.82) and pest and disease management methods (3.75). Mann Whitney test reveals significant differences existed in the information needs of rubber farmers in Edo and Delta State for all the tested technologies. The study recommends that regular training of the rubber farmers be embarked upon by the agencies generating rubber technologies to enhance their skills in the use of rubber technologies.

 


Key words: Rubber, technologies, mann-whitney test, logit regression.