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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Biology and Biotechnology:Vol. 2 (1), pp. 8-12, December 2016
ISSN: 4372-2608

Isolation and identification of fungi in soil around Sokoto cement company environment
Article Number: DRJA40913572
DOI:

Original Research Article


1Umar, S., 2Baki, A. S. and *3Bello, A.


1College of Life Science and Technology, Beijing University of chemical technology, Beijing,100029,China.

2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto State, Nigeria.

3Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail: abccrcfge28@gmail.com


date Received: October 10, 2016     date Accepted: November 26, 2016     date Published: December 21, 2016

Abstract

Fungi were isolated from soil in three different sites around Sokoto cement company environment. Soil samples from the three different sites were serially diluted and dilution factors of up to 10-4and were cultured on the appropriate agar media. The spread plate technique was adopted using potato dextrose agar for the determination of the total fungal counts. Fungal isolates were Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus species, Candida albicans, Histoplasma capsulatum, Aspergillus nidulans, Epidermophyton floccosum, and Fusarium species. Fungal counts ranged from (1.0×103 cfu/g) in sample C2 to (8.7×104cfu/g) in sample B2. Aspergillus niger was the most common isolated fungi (25%) while Aspergillus nidulans, Epidermophyton floccosum, and Fusarium species (8.33%) were the least isolated. In conclusion, Aspergillus niger is the most fungi isolated in soil, and it is of medical importance to the soil and also to humans.


Keywords: Isolation, cement company, soil fungus, Epidermophyton floccosum