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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science (DRJVMAS):Vol. 2 (3), pp. 93-105, April 2017
International Standard Journal Number ISJN: A4372-2601

Isolation, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and prevalence of Gallibacterium anatis in local breed of female Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata) in Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA25674219
DOI:

Original Research Article


Jallailudeen Rabana Lawal1*, Juliana James Ndahi2, Yagana Bukar Majama3, Yagana Ahmed Gazali3, Jamila Dauda4 and Umar Isa Ibrahim1


1Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

3Department of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

4Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:  rabanajallailudeen@yahoo.com


date Received: March 7, 2017     date Accepted: April 9, 2017     date Published: April 12, 2017

Abstract

The study aimed to isolate Gallibacterium anatis, study its antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and investigate the prevalent rate of bacterium in local breed of female Muscovy ducks in Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria. A total of 250 samples were collected and analyzed for the study, out of which 83 were positive for G. anatis with an overall prevalent rate of 33.20%. The bacterium was found to be more prevalent amongst local breed of female Muscovy ducks sampled from households 48 (19.20%) compared to those from live birds market 35 (14.0%). G. anatis isolates were more frequently cultivated from samples of the tracheal swabs than from cloacal swabs and part of ovary samples. The prevalence of the bacterium was higher in the rainy season 68 (27.20%) than in the dry season 15 (6.0%). Isolates of G. anatis showed positive reactions to test with catalase, oxidase, phosphatase, sucrose and sorbitol but shows negative reactions to indole, urease, coagulase and maltose. The prevalence of biovars haemolytic Gallibacterium anatis biovar and non-haemolytic Gallibacterium anatis biovar were 8.43% and 91.57% respectively. The in-vitro antibiotic susceptibility pattern revealed that isolates were highly susceptible to Cefotaxime, moderately susceptible to Ciprofloxacin, Doxycycline and Florfenicol. In conclusion, G. anatis is prevalent in local breed of female Muscovy ducks in the study area. Therefore, adequate biosecurity measures should be put in place in all level of poultry production system to control the spread of the organism. The misuse of antibiotic by village poultry farmers should be discouraged to avoid drug resistance.


Key words: Gallibacterium anatis, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, Local breed, Female Muscovy ducks, Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria