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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.4 (3), pp. 48-54, March 2016
ISSN: 2354-4147

Level of Newcastle disease vaccination awareness and its effects on village chicken production in Gombe State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA10907278
DOI:

Original Research Article


I. Ibrahim1; J. R. Lawal1* and A. D. El-Yuguda2


1Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

2Animal Virus Research Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.


date Received: January 8, 2016     date Accepted: February 19, 2016     date Published: March 3, 2016

Abstract

In an attempt to evaluate the status of Newcastle disease (ND) in village poultry, the level of ND vaccination awareness and the major causes of village chicken losses in Gombe State, Nigeria. Structured questionnaire was used for interviewing farmers. Three hundred (300) village chicken farmers were interviewed, 55% suggested diseases as the major causes of village chicken mortality. However, 47.3% observed diarrhea as the major sign in diseased chickens while 41.4% observed twisting of the neck. These signs are consistent with those seen in birds affected with ND virus. There was no significant statistical difference (P>0.05) noted in the response of the respondents. 99% of the farmers suggested that diseases are most prevalent among chicken flocks during the dry hamattan season while 1% suggested the rainy season. There was significant statistical difference (P<0.05) noted in the response of the respondents. Whenever there is outbreak of disease, 65.5% of the farmers reported that they sell their birds, 8.3% attempt treatment of sick birds, 9.0% share out their birds as gift while 17.2% salvage birds to reduce the chances of loss. There was no statistical difference (P>0.05) noted in the response of the respondents. In the treatment of sick chickens, 73% of the farmers reported that they attempts traditional methods while 27% employ conventional methods. There was significant difference (P<0.05) noted in the response of the respondents. 87% of the farmers reported that they are absolutely are not aware that diseases in village chickens can be prevented by vaccination of any kind, while 13% are aware as applicable to the exotic commercial chickens. There was significant difference (P<0.05) was noted between those who know about vaccination and those who do not know. Newcastle disease is the most prevalent infectious poultry disease among village chickens flocks in Gombe State. Most village chickens farmers in the state are unaware that the threat posed by the disease to chickens production can effectively be controlled using appropriate vaccine. This is probably due to lack of awareness campaign to reach village chicken farmers in the state.


Key words: Newcastle disease, village poultry farmers, Gombe State, structured questionnaire, vaccination awareness.