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Direct Research Journals
Vol.4 (6), pp. 116-121, June 2016
ISSN: 2354-4147

Morphometrical and Histological Study of the Female Reproductive Tract of the Japanese Quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA15232192
DOI:

Original Research Article


B. Majama1, G. D. Mshelia2, J. R. Lawal3*, M. Zakariah1, A. C. Charles1; D. A. Bwala1A. Gazali1 and W. A. Kachamai1


1Department of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

3Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:  rabanajallailudeen@yahoo.com


date Received: April 12, 2016     date Accepted: May 11, 2016     date Published: May 27, 2016

Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the gross morphometric and histological features of the female reproductive tract of the Japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica) from ten  apparently healthy adult laying quails. The birds had a mean body weight of 143.70±10.03 g. The mean weight and length of the reproductive tract of female Japanese quail from this study were 7.09±2.65 g and 21.13±1.80 cm respectively. The mean length of the various segments of the oviduct obtained from this research was 11.69±0.35 cm, 4.18±0.30 cm, 3.94±0.20 cm and 1.34±0.14 cm for the magnum, isthmus, uterus and vagina respectively. This study obtained the measurement for the external diameters of the various segment of the oviduct of the female Japanese quail to be 0.56±0.21 cm, 0.33±0.02 cm, 1.19±0.08 cm and 0.41±0.03 cm for the magnum, isthmus, uterus and vagina respectively. In the histological studies, the magnum showed well-developed mucosal folds and a ciliated psuedostratified epithelium with its lamina propria abundantly filled with tubular glands. The isthmus also showed a ciliated epithelium. The mucosa of the uterus and vagina has ciliated pseudostratified and thrown into leaf-shaped folds but that of the vagina has numerous, tall, narrow folds bearing many small secondary folds. In conclusion, it can be stated that the morphometrical and histologic observations from this study provides a baseline data for the female reproductive tract of the adult japanese quail.


Key words: Female reproductive tract, gross biometry features, Japanese quail (Coturnixcoturnix japonica), Jos, Plateau State.

 

Manuscript reviewed by:

(1) Dr.Reda Mohamed
Veterinary Anatomy and Embryology,South America.
(2) Dr.Nathan Isaac Dibal
Department of Human Anatomy, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
(3) Dr. Eman A Eshra
Lecturer of veterinary anatomy and embryology.
(4) Prof. Adel Shatta
Food Technology Department,Faculty of Agriculture,Suez Canal University
Ismailia, 41522,Egypt.