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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.4 (10), pp. 300-307, October 2016
ISSN 2354-4147

Analysis of Household Consumption Expenditure on Selected Staple Foods in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA53178893

Original Research Article

Mercy Ebere Ndubueze-Ogaraku1*, Governor Ekene Oyita2  and Sixtus Onwukwe Anyanwu3

1,2Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, East-West Road, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria.

3Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension,Faculty of Vocational and Technical Education, Rivers State University of Education, PMB 5047, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:, Tel:+2348037061372.

date Received: August 8, 2016     date Accepted: August 31, 2016     date Published: September 10, 2016


This study was carried out to analyze the household consumption expenditure on selected staple foods in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. The aim of this study was to investigate household consumption expenditure levels on selected staple foods and determine the effect of socio-economic characteristics variables on the food consumption expenditure in Ika North East Local Government Area of Delta State. The selected staple food items were rice, beans, garri, yam, plantain and meat. A simple random technique was used to select 60 household heads from the study area. Data analysis was accomplished using descriptive statistics and ordinary least squares multiple regression technique. Result indicated that 71.7% of the respondents were male household heads. While 29.3% were female household heads. The average monthly income of the household head was N 52,000. The average household expenditure of the staple foods was N 16,915.78 in the study area. Regression analysis showed that marital status, household size and income household were positive and significant at 1% level while educational level was also positive but significant at 5% level. It is therefore recommended that family heads must search for a cheaper alternative protein source since beef product accounted for the highest percentage of food consumption expenditure in the study area.

Key words: Food, consumption, expenditure, determinants, income.