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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.6 (11), pp. 302-315, November 2018
ISSN 2354-4147

Nutrient Uptake of Aerobic Rice Genotypes as Influenced by Biofertilizer
Article Number: DRJA32916258077
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS.2018.8077

Original Research Article


Aliyu Isah Take-tsaba1*, Abdul Shukor Bin Juraimi2, Mohd Rafii Bin Yusop3, Radziah Bt Othman4 and Ajit Singh5


1Department of Agricultural Education, School of Vocational Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), P. M. B. 1088, Zaria Road Gusau, Zamfara State, Nigeria.

2Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

3Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

4Department of Land Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang 43400, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

5School of Biosciences/Sciences, The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus Jalan Broga 43500, Semenyih, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: aitaketsaba87@yahoo.com


date Received: August 20, 2018     date Accepted: October 19, 2018     date Published: October 29, 2018

Abstract

Biofertilizer, which is prepared with beneficial environment-friendly bacteria and residue of plant material, can be a complement to chemical fertilizer and eventually improve soil productiveness aids in tackling the opposing ecological penalties, energy depletion and imminent dares of food production. Two field experiments were carried out during off and main season at Universiti Putra Malaysia to determine the influence of biofertilizer on nutrient uptake and yield of different aerobic rice genotypes. The experiment consisted of five biofertilizer treatments (chemical fertilizer recommended rate (CFRR) 100% as control, biofertilizer 1 t ha-1 + 75% CFRR, biofertilizer 2 t ha-1 + 50% CFRR,  biofertilizer 3 t ha-1 + 25% CFRR and biofertilizer 4 t ha-1) and three aerobic rice genotypes (MRIA1, MR219-4 and MR219-9). Results showed that application of biofertilizer positively affected nutrient uptake and grain yield of aerobic rice.  Biofertilizer 1 t ha-1 + 75% CFRR application recorded the highest grain yield (4296.70 kg ha-1) while biofertilizer 4 t ha-1 recorded the highest N and P uptake (37.88 and 9.59 kg ha-1), respectively in grains in the main season. MR219-4 and MR219-9 recorded the highest and comparable grain yield and nutrient uptake. The study showed that application of biofertilizer 1 t ha-1 + 75% CFRR increases grain yield and biofertilizer 4 tons increase nutrient uptake of MR219-4 and MR219-9.


Keywords: Aerobic rice, genotypes, grain yield and nutrient uptake