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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.5 (12), pp. 390-400, December 2017
ISSN 2354-4147

Cost of Production and Resource – Use Efficiency among Small Scale Cassava Farmers in Igbo Etche Rivers State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA93325701
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS.2017.5701

Original Research Article


ThankGod Peter Ojimba


Department of Agricultural Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Ndele Campus.P.M.B 5047, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

E-mail: thankgodojimba@yahoo.com,Ojimba47@gmail.com


date Received: October 11, 2017     date Accepted: November 15, 2017     date Published: November 27, 2017

Abstract

This study focused on cost of production and resource use efficiency among small scale cassava farmers in Igbo Etche in Rivers State, Nigeria.  A total of 102 questionnaires were returned for data analysis using descriptive statistics, stochastic cost and production function models.  The results showed high cost of hired labour, land preparation, lack of high yielding varieties, as farmers’ major challenges. About 73.86% of total cost of cassava production was labour cost.  The coefficients of costs of hired labour, planting and cassava cuttings were negative, significant between 1%-10%. Costs of fertilizers, pesticides and purchasing farmland were positive, statistically significant between 1-10%.  All variables used in stochastic production function were statistically significant at 1%.  If fertilizer input was increased by 10%, output will increase by 29.49%, while cost of hired labour, if reduced by 10%, will reduce output by 13%.  The variations experienced in cost and production output were due to differences in farmers cost and technical inefficiency. All variables were inefficiently utilized, while farm size, hired labour, fertilizers and cuttings were underutilized; pesticides were over utilized.  Therefore, opportunity exists to improve cassava output by 21.44% if resources are used efficiently.  Consequently, small scale farmers in the study area should be prudent in managing their costs and endeavour to increase their efficiency in resource use.


Key words: Production cost, cassava output, small scale farmers, resource –use efficiency, hired labour, fertilizer usage, Igbo Etche, Rivers State Nigeria.