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Direct Research Journals
Vol.3 (6), pp. 123-126, June 2015
2354-4147

Saponins and tannins in the species of Stachytarpheta found in Awka, Nigeria and their taxonomic implications
Article Number: DRJA17086320
DOI:

Original Research Article


Clement U Okeke1, Chisom F Iroka1*, Alex I Izundu1, Nkumah C Okereke2 and Bio Louis Nyanayo3


1Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, P. M. B. 5025 Awka, Anambra state, Nigeria.
2Department of Applied Biology, Ebonyi State University Abakaliki, Ebonyi state, Nigeria.
3Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers state, Nigeria.


date Received: May 8, 2015     date Accepted: June 11, 2015     date Published: June 30, 2015

Abstract

Saponins and tannins content of the three Stachytarpheta species present in Awka, South East Nigeria was tested so as to establish taxonomic evidence between these species.  Standard phytochemical methods were used in this analysis. However, the results revealed the presence of saponins and tannins in all parts of the three Stachytarpheta species, thus, a reason for their placement in the same family is justified. The quantitative phytochemical results of the three Stachytarpheta species were analyzed. The highest saponin content was found in the leaf of S. jamaicensis (1.82±0.025) while the least saponin content was found in the root of S. angustifolia (0.14±0.018). Also, the leaf of S. cayannensis had the highest tannin content (5.96±0.015) and the least tannin content was found in the root of S. jamaicensis (0.99±0.028). Also, the result obtained from the quantitative analyses of these species may be a significant taxonomic solution in the placement of these  Stachytarpheta species.

Key words: Stachytarpheta, Cayannensis, Jamaicensis, Angustifolia, Phytochemicals, Saponins and Tannins.