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Direct Research Journals
Vol.4 (5), pp. 94-103, May 2016
ISSN: 2354-4147

Prevalence and Economic Significance of Ectoparasites Infestation in Village Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) in Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA18388973
DOI:

Original Research Article


J. R. Lawal1*, A. M. Bello1, S. Y. Balami2, Y. Wakil1, Z. B. Yusuf3, J. Dauda4, E. S. Mshelia1, H. P. Mana2, M. K. Adam3 and  A. A. Biu5


1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

2Poultry Unit, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

3Department of Veterinary Surgery and Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

4Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

5Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:  rabanajallailudeen@yahoo.com


date Received: April 12, 2016     date Accepted: April 27, 2016     date Published: May 2, 2016

Abstract

A cross sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to January 2015 to identify the prevalence of ectoparasites of village chickens and its associated economic significance in Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria. A total of 1025 village chickens were examined out of which 90.7% were infested with one or more ectoparasites species. Four types of ectoparasites genera were encountered in this study, 17.0% of the total chickens examined were infested with only one genera while 73.9% were infested with two or more different genera. Among the ectoparasites encountered, lice infestation (85.8%) was the most prevalent followed by mite (70.4%), Flea (27.3%) and tick (6.2%) in descending order of prevalent. Ten different species of ectoparasites, namely Menopon gallinae, Lipeurus caponis, Goniodes gigas, Cnemidocoptes mutans, Dermanyssus gallinae, Epidermoptes species, Laminosioptes cysticola, Megninia species, Echidnophaga gallinacean and Argas persicus were identified in the study. Menopon gallinae (50%) was most frequently encountered while Megninia species (2.7%) was least prevalent. The findings of this study showed that ectoparasites infestations are highly prevalent among village chicken flocks, which may likely affect their optimum productivity. This may be associated with inadequate husbandry systems, poor hygiene practice, inadequate control and preventive measures among others. Therefore, routine prevention and control of ectoparasites should be encouraged in the study area. Moreover, campaigns to create awareness and educate poultry farmers on the economic significance of ectoparasitism in village chickens productivity should be organized in Gombe State.


Key words: Prevalence, Ectoparasites Infestation, Economic significance, Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria,Village chicken.

 

Manuscript Reviewed by:

1. Dr. Rodica Caprita
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Timisoara.
2. Dr. Ebenezer Kondo
Agricultural Economics, GAEC-BNARI, P.O. Box LG 80, Legon-Accra, Ghana.
3. Dr Unigwe C. R.
Veterinary Medicine/Animal Health and Production, Federal college, of Animal Health
and Production,Ibadan, Nigeria.