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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Social Science and Educational Studies (DRJSSES) Vol.2 (6), pp. 89-101, November 2015
ISSN: 2449-0806

The effects of acculturative stressors to academic performance of international students at Université Laval
Article Number: DRJA17085265
DOI:

Original Research Article


RUKUNDO1* S. Friend and CYEZE2, M. Emmanuel


1School of Economics and Business studies,Kigali Independent University (ULK), Kigali Campus, Rwanda.

2School of Social Sciences, Kigali Independent University ULK, Gisenyi Campus,Rwanda.


date Received: October 27, 2015     date Accepted: November 18, 2015     date Published: November 20, 2015

Abstract

This work aims to assess the effects of acculturative stressors on the performance of international students at Université Laval. The purposive sampling technique was used to select twenty respondents, composed of eighteen international students and two lecturers. After analysing the interview, results have shown various acculturative stressors which affect the academic performance of international students such as language, which affects the performance of students who come from countries where French is not the medium language of instruction. It has also been noted that the pronunciation of Quebeckers is difficult to understand for international students. Another acculturative stressor was the educational system which is said to be intensive and the type of student centered learning used makes students work more than expected. However, respondents did show appreciation for the availability and cooperative spirit of lecturers at Université Laval. The socio-cultural acculturative stressor was not found to have much of an effect on the performance. Discrimination is not done openly and generally does not come from professors but rather from other students by forming groups wherein international students are excluded. The financial acculturative stressor does not have a significant effect on international students because most of them have scholarships or are coming from wealthy families. Finally, the respondents did mention other acculturative stressors which affect the performance of international students such as diet, time management and climate. Winter in Quebec was described as a very sensitive acculturative stressor to international students.


Key Words: Acculturation, acculturative stressors, academic performance and international students.