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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.5 (11), pp. 360-366, November 2017
ISSN 2354-4147

Determinants of Crop Diversification in Mixed Cropping Zone of Punjab Pakistan
Article Number: DRJA031962257
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS.2017.2257

Original Research Article


Pomi Shahbaz*, Ismet Boz and Shamsheer ul Haq


Department of Agricultural Economics, Ondokuz Mayıs University, 55139, Samsun, Turkey.

*Corresponding author E-mail: pomi1781@gmail.com.


date Received: September 24, 2017     date Accepted: October 11, 2017     date Published: October 17, 2017

Abstract

Agriculture income is part and parcel of every household’s income in all over the country, especially in rural areas. But agriculture has become very risky due to its whole dependence on nature and market conditions. Crop diversification is a low cost, self-motivated protective measure against climate changes and market conditions to reduce income fluctuations. Multiple stage sampling technique was used to select 100 crop growers for an interview in district Faisalabad. Widely used Herfindahl index (HI) was applied to calculate the farmer’s diversification level. Sampled farmers were classified by cluster analysis into low and high diversified farms. The socio economic characteristics of farmers were compared by statistical analysis such as independent t test etc. and determinants of the crop diversification index were analyzed by Tobit model. Highly diversified farmers were found younger (36 years) as compared to low diversified farmers (45.6 years) and mostly high diversified farmers were having off-farm source income as compared to low diversified farmers. The result of econometric model depicts that the education and farm size positively and significantly affect the crop diversification. Similarly, the ownership of farm machinery enhance the diversification level of farms in crop cultivation. The self-owned operated farms will be less likely to be diversified in crop cultivation than another form of tenure types like renter and shareholder. Farmers should be educated about the benefits of crop diversification and farmers should also rent or share the land when it looks necessary to increase farm size for enjoying long term benefits of farming.


Key words: Crop diversification, cluster analysis, Tobit model, Herfindahl Index, Faisalabad, Pakistan