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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science:Vol.5 (6), pp. 251-256, June 2017
ISSN 2354-4147: International Standard Journal Number (ISJN) e-ISJN: A4372-2604

Socio-economic and management practices of Duck in Imo State. A study of Orlu Local Government Area, Imo State, Nigeria
Article Number: DRJA489720198

Original Research Article

Ahaotu, E. O.1*, Ihenacho, R. A.2, Ike, A.1 and Ihenacho, A. C.3

1Department of Animal Production and Health Technology, Imo State Polytechnic  Umuagwo, Nigeria.

2Department of Agricultural Extension and Management Technology, Imo State Polytechnic  Umuagwo, Nigeria.

3Department of Cooperative Economics Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:

date Received: May 1, 2017     date Accepted: June 1, 2017     date Published: June 8, 2017


The present study was conducted to determine the socio-economic profiles of the duck farmers, investigate the management practices of duck farming and to identify the problems of duck farming in two towns in Orlu Local Government Area of Imo State namely: Amaifeke and Okporo during the period from April to May 2016 by using a pre-tested questionnaire. Socio-economic profile of the duck farmers like age, education, family size, occupation, marital status, farm size, training received, annual income and management practices particularly housing, feeding, breeding, cleaning, disposal of diseased/dead birds, vaccination program, veterinary services followed by the farmers were investigated during the research. A total of 100 duck (50 from each town) were selected randomly for this study. The results reveal that most of the respondent farmers were young (60%) having secondary level of education (69%). Family size of the most of the farmers (57%) were small (size 4.53 persons) and majority of the farmers (75%) were marginal (0.021-020 hectare). About 42% farmers had training on farming of different duration (7 to 30 days). Highest proportion of the duck houses were made of tin-shed (74%) having necessary floor space for ducks. The data obtained illustrated that majority of the farmers (74%) used sufficient supplementary feed to their ducks. About 65% of the farmers reared Pekin ducks in their farms. Most of the farmers (70%) cleaned their farm houses regularly. About 73% farmers separated their diseased duck from healthy ones. It was also found that most of the farmers (89%) buried their dead ducks under soil. Data indicated that majority of the farmers (67%) had partial idea about duck diseases. The highest proportion of the farmers (72%) followed vaccination program strictly. About 71% farmers consulted with village doctor. Nearly 51% farmers had low level of knowledge about duck farming. In the present study 10 problems were identified out of which low price of duck meat and egg made ranked as most serious problems. If the problems are addressed properly, the duck rearing could be more profitable business in Imo State.

Key words: Socio-economic and management practices, Duck farming,      supplementary feed.