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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Social Science and Educational Studies (DRJSSES) Vol.2 (5), pp. 69-76, October 2015
ISSN: 2449-0806

Socio-economic determinants of gender inequality in higher education in rural areas in Rwanda
Article Number: DRJA17085210
DOI:

Original Research Article


Venantie Nyiransabimana


INSTITUT CATHOLIQUE DE KABGAYI (ICK), RWANDA.

 *Corresponding Author E-mail: nyiransaveny@yahoo.fr


date Received: September 9, 2015     date Accepted: September 22, 2015     date Published: October 6, 2015

Abstract

This study examined socio-economic determinants of gender inequality in higher education in rural areas in Rwanda. The objectives of the study were to analyze the socio-economic factors of   gender inequality in higher education in rural areas in Rwanda; to determine the effects of low level of women education on their livelihoods in rural areas in Rwanda. Self-administered questionnaires, interview, Focus Group Discussion,  observation and documentation review were used as the main methods of data collection.The researcher considered 497 respondents among them teachers and head teachers in primary and secondary schools, students in secondary schools and parents.The study revealed that the main socio-economic determinants of gender inequality in higher education in Rwanda are:poverty, early marriage, culture, education level of parents, domestic and agricultural labour responsibilities, pregnancies and aspirations for children. In addition, the study revealed that gender inequality in higher education has negative effects on the socio-economic welfare of rural households in Rwanda which include:  obstacle to improving health, exclusion of women from economic and political opportunities, obstacle to good health and nutrition, effect on children’s education and high birth rates.


Key words: Gender, gender equality, gender inequality,  education, higher education.