Total Views: 520
Direct Research Journals
Vol.3 (7), pp. 148-156, July 2015
ISSN:2354-4147

Role of Cheffa wetland to the local communities around Kemissie, Oromia zone, Amahara region, Ethiopia
Article Number: DRJA17085356
DOI:

Original Research Article


Assefa Tessema*, Nuria Abdurohman and K.S Goudar


Department of Biology, College of Natural Science, Wollo University,Ethiopia.


date Received: May 20, 2015     date Accepted: July 14, 2015     date Published: July 16, 2015

Abstract

The Study was conducted from June 2012 to February 2013 in Dawachefa and Kemissie Districts .The objective of the study was to assess the contribution of Cheffa wetland on crop production, animal husbandry and fisheries. Dawachefa and Kemissie districts were purposely selected for their high agricultural production and access for fishery resource. PRA and semi structured questionnaires were used to collect primary data.  A total of 70 households were selected randomly and the response of these individuals was supported by personal observation. Moreover, secondary data from Kemissie Zonal Office of Agriculture and Dawachefa Environmental Protection and Land administration and Use office were collected. Fruit and vegetables, grains and perennial crops produced in quintal in Dawachefa district using irrigation system in 2012/2013 were higher in Dawachefa (438107, 30247 and 299486.4) than Kemissie (25420, 7989.6 and 8590) respectively). However the spices produced in quintal in Kemissie district was higher (10260) than Dawachefa (6130.4).Dawachefa is supporting high cattle population both for local and migrants. In 2012, a total of 20,600 cattle came to Dawachefa for dry season grazing and watering. Cheffa wetland has two fish family (Cyprinidea, Chlaridea), three genera (Gara, Clarias and barbus) and five fish species (Gara dembecha, Clarias gariepinus, Labeobarbus intermediate, Labeobarbus Nedgia and Labeo horii). The only fish used by the fishermen and the local people was Clarias gariepinus (Catfish).The price of cat fish  was ranged from 5-100 ETB based on its size. Fishermen have lack of fish processing skill and access for fishing gears to improve their livelihood from the fishery sector .Cheffa wetland in Dawachefa and Kemissie districts is facing problem of overgrazing, destruction of macrophytes (breeding ground of fishes) and excessive cultivation of eucalyptus tree resulting scarcity of water for irrigation, therefore all concerned bodies should work together for sustainable utilization of Cheffa wetland.


Key words: Cheffa, Fishery, eucalyptus, macrophytes, wetland