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Direct Research Journals
Direct Research Journal of Health and Pharmacology (DRJHP):Vol.5 (3), pp. 24-32, December 2017
ISSN 2449-0814

The Management of the Healthiness to Doukouré (Abidjan): Practice at Risk and Sanitary Impacts
Article Number: DRJA19669952
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJHP.2017.9952

Original Research Article


Yapo Toussaint Wolfgang1, 2*, Amin N’cho Christophe1, 3, Ohouo Yao Marie Jeanne 2; Mambo Veronique2 and Kouadio Luc1, 3


1National Institute of Public Health, BPV 14 Abidjan.

2Laboratory of the Sciences of the Environment, Group of search in Chemistry of the water, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Ivory Coast.

3Department of the Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences – University of Cocody, Abidjan, Ivory Coast; 22 BP 776 Abidjan 22, Ivory Coast.

*Corresponding author E-mail: twolfgang2y@gmail.com.


date Received: September 10, 2017     date Accepted: September 24, 2017     date Published: December 12, 2017

Abstract

The diarrheic diseases, the acute respiratory infections and the malaria are responsible for the morbidity in subequatorial Africa and particularly in Ivory Coast. In the optics to establish a link of causality between these pathologies and the living environment of the populations, the pilot project of management of these pathologies by the eco-health approach was introduced in 2013 in a precarious district of the municipality of Yopougon, in Abidjan. The main risk factors identified in the advent of the malaria are the non-existence of trash can (OR=2.5; IC 95% = 1.04-6). As for the diarrhea, it is the cohabitation with puddles (OR=0.22; IC95 % = 0.10-0.48). For somewhere else, the advent of the acute respiratory infections (ARI) seems associated with the purification in a general way. Indeed, the factors which seem to risks for ARI are among others, the non-existence of trash cans in the households (OR=2.68; IC 95% = 1.43-5.01), the non-existence of latrine in the households (OR=2.57; IC 95% = 1.19-5.55). These results allowed, through an interdisciplinary and participative process including communities and other stakeholders, implementation of actions of strengthening of capacities of the populations of the district Doukouré to face these various pathologies.


Key words: Malaria, diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, purification, risk.