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Direct Research Journals
Vol.4 (8), pp. 214-219, August 2016
ISSN: 2354-4147

Variability in growth attributes of two pineapple (ananas comosus) cultivars grown in the basement complex soils of Southern Nigeria as influenced by different time of nitrogen side dressing application
Article Number: DRJA16673872
DOI:

Original Research Article


William Ubi¹, Godwin Michael Ubi²*, Thomas Okweche¹, Martina William Ubi³, Chukwudi Umego Theodore2 and  Ackley Ufot Akpan-Idiok4


¹Department of Science and Technology, National Open University of Nigeria, Calabar Study Centre.

²Department of Genetics and Biotechnology. University of Calabar, Nigeria.

³Cross River Agricultural Development Programme, CRADP, Calabar, Nigeria.

4Department of Soil Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail:  ubiology.gu@gmail.com


date Received: June 12, 2016     date Accepted: June 28, 2016     date Published: July 13, 2016

Abstract

Two experiments were carried out in March 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of time of N-fertilizer side dressing on two cultivars of pineapple (Ananas comosus). Nitrogen (100 kg Nha) as Urea was applied at seven different times and at different growth stages of smooth cayenne and Natal queen pineapple cultivars. The treatment effects were determined by plant height (cm), number of leaf blades per plant, Leaf Area (LA), specific leaf area (LA/LW), leaf extension rate, (cm/day) leaf production intervals (days) and root weight (g). The results showed that delaying time of N-application till 9-13 months showed the highest response in growth components during the study period. The cultivars did not differ significantly in their response to treatment. Seasonal effect showed that delaying side dressing till 13 months rather than 15 months after planting enhanced the formation of new leaves, and the expansion of the existing leaf blades for larger surface area for photosynthetic activities. Equally, side dressing of pineapple at 13 months was found to be the period in which plants efficiently utilized soil nutrients as evidenced in the value of the growth components measured as evidenced in plant height and root dry height recorded in this study. These results are discussed in light of variation in time of nitrogen side dressing on growth attributes of two cultivars of pineapple (Ananas comosus Merrill L.) grown on basement complex soil in southern Nigeria.


Key words: Nitrogen application, growth characteristics, pineapple, basement complex soils

 

Manuscript reviewed by:

Prof Dr Riad S R El-Mohamedy
National research center Egypt

MR OGUNKUNLE TAJUDEEN
ogunkunletajudeen@gmail.com
National Biotechnology Development Agency, Bioresources Development Centre (BIODEC) Owode Yewa South Ogun State, Nigeria.

DR HO SOON MIN
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, MATERIAL CHEMISTRY,INTI International University, MALAYSIA .

Assoc. Prof. Mohamed Abdel-Raheem Ali Abdel-Raheem
Agricultural & Biological Research,33rd ElBehouth St., ElDokki , Giza , Egypt.