Article Number: DRJEIT10664072
Vol. 7(7), pp. 163-170, December 2020
Copyright © 2020
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
Original Research Article
Appraisal of Electrical Wiring and Installations Status in Isoko Area of Delta State, Nigeria
Electricity is the prime mover of every economy; hence there is a need to maintains its generation, distribution, and consumer. This research was carried out to appraise the status of electrical wiring in Isoko area of Delta State, Nigeria. A total of 300 residential buildings, 200 makeshift shops, and 100 artisan workshops were sampled in this research work. In the sample structures, their state of connection, overvoltage protection (cut-out fuse), and earthing were accessed. Additionally, 100 questionnaires were distributed to the electricians carrying out the electrical wiring and installations with the Isoko area (the study area). This is to ascertain the standard of materials used in electrical wiring in the area if they met the Nigeria Industrial Standards. Results obtained from the questionnaires revealed that only 71% of the residential buildings, 23% of the makeshift shops, and 8% of the artisan workshops, used electric cables that met the NIS recommendations. In terms of electric cable connections, it was observed in the fieldwork that there was a lapse in the connections; mostly in the artisan workshops, as some service cables were not properly tightened to the distribution lines. Regarding electrical protection, the study showed that 75% of the residential buildings, 53% of the makeshift shops, and 5% of the artisan workshops had approved rating cut-out fuse. It was very obvious in the artisan workshops, that their welding machines were connected directly to the service lines. Furthermore, the results revealed that 42% of the residential buildings, 87% of the makeshift shops, and 99% of the artisan’s workshops lacked properly earthing. These results had revealed the electrical risks in many makeshift shops and artisan workshops, and the need for the relevant authorities to act fast to minimize power outrage and prevent electrical tragedies in the area.
Keywords: Artisan, electrical wiring, energy theft, makeshift shops, residential buildings