Article Number: DRJAFS84043561
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3458213
ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol.7 (9), pp. 250-263, September 2019

Copyright © 2019

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Characterization of rice production system in Camacupa and Catabola municipalities of the province of Bié in Angola

Chiambo,  P. J.*

Coelho,  J. P.

Soares, F. B.

Salumbo, A.


Abstract

An assessment of rice production and processing in Camacupa and Catabola municipalities of the province of Bié in Angola was carried out in this research. According to the results obtained the planting period for rice in the area was mostly between October and November. Basically 100% of the farmers do the rice seeding directly to the permanent place where it germinates and grows to maturity. Results revealed that 61% of farmers in those two municipalities use manual labor in seedbed preparation, while 49% use tractors but complemented with manual instruments. It was also observed from the results that the farmers in the study area predominantly used 12-24-12 (N-P-K) and ammonium sulfate (NH4SO2). The application method was mostly by manual broadcasting over the planted area. Results also recorded that rice harvesting usually takes place from May to June. All the farmers interviewed harvest their rice manually by using knife and sickle, and they thresh the harvested rice manually by spreading rice on canvas and tapping with a stick. The paddy yield varied from 200-1800 kg.ha-1 depending upon the availability of resources, management of crop and the socio-economic status of the growers. The paddy resulted is packed in a bag, mainly, or in bottle if it is destined to seed. Results also showed that mechanization of rice production and processing has not received much attention since most of the farmers still use the traditional manual labor and traditional in the production and processing rice. The study also found that rice productivity is positively correlated with the level of education, the tractor usage, the rate of application of fertilizers, the sowing date (the later the better, the line coverage, the place of sale (in markets is better) and the processing methods (mechanized is better). On other hand, productivity is negatively correlated with the municipality (Catabola is better), the village (Ndembei, Kalila and Kalohuma, are better) and the age of the farmers (i.e. the younger the greater workforce and higher productivity).


Keywords: Rice production and processing, Angola, province of Bié, traditional and business sectors


 Received: August 27, 2019  Accepted: September 17, 2019  Published: September 30, 2019


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