Article Number: DRJAFS10050172

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS10050172

ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol. 8 (11), Pp. 412-416, November 2020

Copyright © 2020

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Community Economic and Education Empowerment through Cultivation of Sesame Program in the Bugel Beach Area, DIY Indonesia

Nurhayati Dewi Ratna*

Edy Wibowo

Lusia Indrastuti


Abstract

This research explored the idea of empowerment coastal communities through an education approach and development of cultivation for environmental sustainability of coastal areas in Bugel, Kulon Progo DIY. Indonesia territory, two-third of the territory consists of the ocean with exotic islands which has tourism potential. Coastal tourism is one-stop coastal tourism. One-stop coastal tourism could be a strategy of local tourism policy to improve well-being, quality of life, and community independence to optimizing poverty alleviation of coastal and coastal communities in Indonesia territory. Therefore, coastal management has to prioritize community empowerment and revive the surrounding economy, to establish continuity conservation of the living environment. The selection of adaptive plants on coastal sand land is also crucial. One of the adaptive plants against all types of soil, both fertile and non-fertile land is Sesame. Sand texture to Sandy loam is quite suitable for this cultivation. Sesame requires good drains due to it could not survive in stagnant conditions. Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as an industrial commodity product has functional properties and beneficially contributes to the healthy and demanded by various industries, food materials in particular. Sesame productivity in coastal areas requires applied technology to fill the standard of growing media physically, chemically, biologically to helps growth and development of sesame in coastal areas, by involving cow manure fertilizer that functionally to the improvement of growing media. The success of Sesame cultivation development in coastal areas supported by environmental education programs positively affects community empowerment in providing a solution for improving the well-being of the society in coastal areas. The research used cow manure fertilizer with dosage levels of 30 tons/ha through a randomized complete block design. The research is located at Congot Kulon Progo. Treatment factor of various sesame varieties. Varieties of Sesame namely   M1 = Varietas Winas 1, M2 = Varietas Winas 2, M3 = Varietas SBR 1, M3 = Varietas SBR 4. The observation parameter research including grow media condition, sesame agronomy and growth, Sesame production, the data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test at a significant level of 5%.  It was obtained that some varieties were not significantly different from some parameters except Winas 1 that significantly different from the total fat content.


Keywords: Cow manure fertilizer, coastal land, sesame variety, community empowerment


 Received: November 2, 2020  Accepted: November 19, 2020  Published: November 30, 2020

Ratna Et Al


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