Article Number: DRJAFS13204368

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS13204368

ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol.8 (8), pp. 295-302, August 2020

Copyright © 2020

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Coping Strategies to Mitigate Climate Change Variability among Rural Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria

Godson-Ibeji, C. C.,

Aja, O. O.

Nwakwasi, R. N.

Chikaire, J. U.

Uwandu, N. C.


Abstract

The study was carried out in Anambra State of Nigeria to assess the coping strategies adopted by the farmers against climate change variability in the area. Climate change impacts are leading to significant negative effects on rural livelihoods especially rural farmers who practice subsistence and rain-fed agriculture, Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 180 farmers from the area and used for the study.   Structured questionnaires were used to elicit information from the respondents and the data collected were analyzed using frequency distributions, means, and percentages. Results from the study revealed that the main cause of climate change is the rising concentrations of human-produced greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the earth’s atmosphere, (96.6%). The major effects were land degradation, (98 9%), flooding (96.6%), erosion (95.7%), heavy rainfall (91.6%) among others. To cope with these challenges, the farmers practiced land rotation (fallow), crop diversification, cover cropping, agroforestry, crop rotation, irregular weeding, and others. Again, the study revealed the constraints encountered by the farmers in the use of these strategies include high cost of labour, low productivity, low price of produce, poor access to farmland, land tenure, and fragmentation problems among others. It was recommended that government should provide the respondents with soft-loans without interest, and reform the agrarian law of the land to give farmers more access to land.


Keywords: Coping strategies, climate change variability


 Received: July 2, 2020  Accepted: August 17, 2020  Published: August 31, 2020

Godson Ibeji Et Al 1


Copyright © 2020 Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science