Article Number: DRJAFS94285429

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS94285429

ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol. 9, Pp. 364-374, 2021

Copyright © 2021

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Field Assessment of Resistance in Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) to Late Blight Disease (Phytophthora Infestans (Mont.) DE Bary) in Jos, Plateau State

Ifeduba, A. M.*

Kwon-Ndung, E. H.

Shutt, V. M.

A. O. Adediji


Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is one of the most widely farmed and consumed crops in the world. Many diseases, including late blight disease caused by the fungus Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) De Bary, have been shown to negatively impact the quality of the tubers and the yield of the crop. Late blight disease is considered to be the most severe of these diseases. In recent years, new strains of the disease have evolved, making potato production more difficult to maintain. Application of fungicides on a regular basis or altering the planting season are common control strategies. However, fungicides are not only expensive, but their long-term use has negative consequences on the environment, human health, and livestock. Our study sought to determine the natural field resistance of different potato types in Jos, to the late blight disease, which was discovered by chance. To evaluate the field resilience of potato types to late blight, ten potato varieties were planted in the Kuru experimental field of the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI). Infection began at approximately the same period (6WAP) for the majority of the types. The final disease scores were considerably different at the conclusion of the disease assessment. The number of outbreaks indicated a positive and statistically significant relationship with the course of late blight. Several types, with the exception of Connect and Nicola, showed rapid disease progression, with the gradient of the regression lines becoming gradually steeper over time. According to the findings of this investigation, Nicola and Connect have a certain amount of field tolerance to late blight. Thus, selection for late blight resistance is achievable, and resistant R-genes can be isolated and inserted into susceptible types in order to bestow resistance on the plants.


Keywords: Potato late blight, disease progression, field tolerance


 Received: October 20, 2021  Accepted: November 18, 2021  Published: November 22, 2021

DRJAFS94285429


Copyright © 2021 Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science