Article Number: DRJAFS56147920

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3244437

ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol.7 (6), pp. 141-146, June 2019

Copyright © 2019
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Perceived Effects of Quarry Activities on Arable Crop Production in Calabar Agricultural Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria

*Eta, H. C.

Idiku, F. O.

Dan, U. N.


Abstract

Quarry activities are important to modern day life and the socio-economic development of local communities. However, their effects on agriculture are serious and remain unabated. This study examined the perceived effects of quarry activities on arable crop production in the Calabar agricultural zone, Cross River State, Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 120 household heads. Quantitative data were collected using structured questionnaires and were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Majority (94.2%) of farmers identified marble and granite extractions as main types of quarry activities practiced. Two most severely perceived effects of quarry activities on crop production were: pollutants from quarry activities affecting yields of crops (Mean Score {MS}: 4.42), and particulate matter released during quarry activities makes vegetables unattractive (MS: 3.97). Significant effects of quarry activities on the health of farmers were: prevalence of cough/catarrh (MS: 4.88), asthma (MS: 3.83), and respiratory diseases (MS: 3.67). Use of face masks to protect nostrils when farming (MS: 4.42), planting early maturing crops (MS: 4.32) and diversification of farm enterprise (MS: 4.03) were the first three coping strategies adopted by farmers. The study recommended that quarry industries should provide funds for reclaiming damaged arable lands and free medical check-up to farmers.


Keywords: Quarry activities, arable crop production, coping strategies


 Received: May 15, 2019  Accepted: June 12, 2019  Published: June 20, 2019

Eta Et Al


Copyright © 2020 Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science