Article Number: DRJA18388973

DOI:

ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol.4 (5), pp. 94-103, May 2016

Copyright © 2016
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Prevalence and Economic Significance of Ectoparasites Infestation in Village Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) in Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria

J. R. Lawal1*

A. M. Bello1

S. Y. Balami2

Y. Wakil1

Z. B. Yusuf3

J. Dauda4

E. S. Mshelia1

H. P. Mana2

M. K. Adam3

A. A. Biu5


Abstract

A cross sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to January 2015 to identify the prevalence of ectoparasites of village chickens and its associated economic significance in Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria. A total of 1025 village chickens were examined out of which 90.7% were infested with one or more ectoparasites species. Four types of ectoparasites genera were encountered in this study, 17.0% of the total chickens examined were infested with only one genera while 73.9% were infested with two or more different genera. Among the ectoparasites encountered, lice infestation (85.8%) was the most prevalent followed by mite (70.4%), Flea (27.3%) and tick (6.2%) in descending order of prevalent. Ten different species of ectoparasites, namely Menopon gallinae, Lipeurus caponis, Goniodes gigas, Cnemidocoptes mutans, Dermanyssus gallinae, Epidermoptes species, Laminosioptes cysticola, Megninia species, Echidnophaga gallinacean and Argas persicus were identified in the study. Menopon gallinae (50%) was most frequently encountered while Megninia species (2.7%) was least prevalent. The findings of this study showed that ectoparasites infestations are highly prevalent among village chicken flocks, which may likely affect their optimum productivity. This may be associated with inadequate husbandry systems, poor hygiene practice, inadequate control and preventive measures among others. Therefore, routine prevention and control of ectoparasites should be encouraged in the study area. Moreover, campaigns to create awareness and educate poultry farmers on the economic significance of ectoparasitism in village chickens productivity should be organized in Gombe State.


Key words: Prevalence, Ectoparasites Infestation, Economic significance, Gombe, Northeastern Nigeria,Village chicken.

 

Manuscript Reviewed by:

1. Dr. Rodica Caprita
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Timisoara.
2. Dr. Ebenezer Kondo
Agricultural Economics, GAEC-BNARI, P.O. Box LG 80, Legon-Accra, Ghana.
3. Dr Unigwe C. R.
Veterinary Medicine/Animal Health and Production, Federal college, of Animal Health
and Production,Ibadan, Nigeria.


 Received: April 12, 2016  Accepted: April 27, 2016  Published: May 2, 2016

DRJA18388973


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