Article Number: DRJAFS631828631454
Vol.7 (11), pp. 334-338 November 2019
Copyright © 2019
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
Original Research Article
Studies of the possibilities of using organic waste to increase soil productivity for grain crops in the conditions of Sheki-Zagatala zone of Azerbaijan
The article discusses the problems of the use of waste as organic fertilizers help to increase soil fertility, improve the nutritional regime, and also helps maintain ecological balance. The introduction into the soil of various types and doses of organic and ratios of mineral fertilizers for crops (winter wheat, barley, barley, rye, hay, others) both individually and together contributes to the improvement of product quality, in particular, the structure of the crop and, accordingly, soil fertility, thereby reducing the intensity of the development of the erosion process characteristic in the republic. The use of organic and mineral fertilizers in various types and doses for crops has a rather positive effect on the formation of wheat grains and creates the possibility of obtaining high yields, which is proved by the results of the experiment laid down in 7 variants, in a 4-fold repetition, on plots with an area of each plot in the amount of 100m2. Thus, in the course of the research, the effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on the quality of winter wheat grain was also studied, where the main quality indicator of the protein content in the grain in the application of mineral fertilizers in a dose of N100P50K120 was 11.40%, in the version of 10t / ha of compost Zakatala + N50P25K60-11.97%, the difference of which compared with the version without fertilizers was 2.28% and 2.85%, respectively, and the increase in grain yield was 10 ts/ha – (42.9%), and straw – 16.4 c / ha (or 41.8%).
Keywords: compost; organic and mineral fertilizer; winter wheat; soil fertility, soil erosion, yield increase