Article Number: DRJAFS40252693

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJAFS40252693

ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol.8 (4), pp. 116-129 April 2020

Copyright © 2020

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

The organic pepper (Piper nigrum L.) value chain in São Tomé e Príncipe under a value chain analysis for development methodology perspective

Fonseca, Cristino Mandinga Bonfim*

Coelho, José Castro

Soares, Fernando Brito

Correia, Augusto Manuel Nogueira Gomes

Soares, Zélia Maria Gonçalves


Abstract

Pepper exports have recently increased in São Tomé e Príncipe, although their amount being far from matching those of cocoa and coffee. In the last decade, a policy of agricultural value chain promotion was implemented with the support of international cooperation (e.g., International Fund for Agricultural Development), aiming at the improvement of local agricultural development as well as the socio-economic conditions in rural areas. As a result of this movement, a dichotomy was introduced in these chains, certificated and non-certificated farmers; formal and informal trade; and domestic or international trade circuits. Aiming to provide more and updated data to decision-makers and conduct a broader analysis that includes not only production issues but also socioeconomic analysis, this review was carried out based on the methodology of value chain analysis for development, to describe the pepper sector in São Tomé e Príncipe. This analysis concluded that the pepper sector is divided into two sub-chains; non-certified pepper value chains and certified pepper value chains, the latter being by far the most important, due to the number of producers and the amount produced. Production systems are very similar, as well as the market linkage, although the non-certified value chain being informal. All sub-chains need capital and technology accessible to all farmers.


Keywords: Informal, organic farming, income, sustainability, small farming


 Received: March 28, 2020  Accepted: April 20, 2020  Published: April 30, 2020

Fonseca Et Al


Copyright © 2020 Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science