Article Number: DRJA70190217


ISSN: 2354-4147

Vol.4 (7), pp. 161-168, July 2016

Copyright © 2016
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article

Original Research Article

Effects of Instant Noodles Formulated Diet on Weanling Albino Rats

Zailani*, H. A.

Umaru, H. A.

Samuel, G.


Instant noodles are dried pre-cooked noodles sold with packets of seasoning powder. Noodles are used as a weaning food in high and medium income earning families in Nigeria. A twenty eight-day feeding trial was carried out to evaluate the effect of instant noodles on weanling albino rats fed at 0, 30, 50, 70 and 100% mixed with pellets. Twenty-five weanling albino rats were randomly divided into five (5) groups; the test groups consist of 5 rats each. Mean feed intake, mean body weight change, effect on organ-body weight ratio, feed conversion ratio, protein intake and protein efficiency ratio were calculated. The effects of the noodles on concentrations of triacylglycerols, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins, total cholesterol, bilirubin, albumin, total protein, creatinine, urea, packed cell volume and haemoglobin were evaluated as well as the activities of alanine and aspartate transaminases and alkaline phosphatase. All figures in this study were significantly decreased (p<0.05) with increase in the percent of instant noodles in diet but there was a significant increase (p<0.05) in organ weight (kidney and liver). The results of this study have shown that instant noodles do not promote growth because it has low protein and high carbohydrate content.

Key words: Instant noodles, feeding trial, weanling albino rats, nutritional status.



Abolaji AO, Adebayo AH, Odesanmi OS (2007). Effect of ethanolic extract of Parinari polyandra (Rosaceae) on serum lipid profile and some electrolytes in pregnant rabbits. Res. J. Med. Plants.1:121-127.
Adebayo JO, Balogun EA, Oyeleke SA (2009). Toxicity study of the aqueous extract of Tithonia diversifolia leaves using selected biochemical parameters in rats. Pharmacog. Res. 1(3):143-147.
Adebayo JO, Igunnu A, Arise RO, Malomo SO (2011). Effects of co-administration of artesunate and amodiaquine on some cardiovascular disease indices of rats. Food Chem. Toxicol. 49:45-48.
Akanji MA (1986). A comparative biochemical study of the interaction of some trypanocides with rat tissue cellular system. PhD, Thesis University of Ife, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
Akanji MA, Ngaha EA (1989). Effect of Berenil on urinary excretion with corresponding tissue pattern in rat. Pharma, Toxicol. 64: 272-275.
Alagbaoso SO, Nwosu JN, Njoku NE, Ojukwu M, Okafor DC and Eluchie CN (2015). Growth performance and haematologyhematology of albino rats fed varying inclusions of autoclaved Canavalia plagiosperma piper seed meal based-diets. Am. J. Food Nutr. ISSN 2157-0167, Online: ISSN 2157-1317, doi:10.5251/ajfn.2015.
Allen LC (1982). More on cephalosporin interference with creatinine determinations. Clin. Chem. 28(3): 555-556.
Anozie OI, Onwurah INE (2001). Toxic effect of Bonny light crude oil in rats after ingestion of contaminated diets. Nig. J. Bioch. Mol. Biol. 16(3):103-107.
Aydin E, Gocmen D (2011). Cooking quality and sensorial properties of noodle supplemented with oat flour. Food Sci. Biotechnol. 20: 507“511.
Bui LTT, Small DM (2007d). The influence of formulation and processing on stability of thiamin in three styles of Asian noodles. Food Chem. 102: 1394“1399.
Burrell C, Boujard T, Tulli F, Kaushik SJ (2000). Digestibility of extruded peas, extruded lupin and rapeseed meal. Aquacult. 188(314): 285 “ 298.
Bryce J, Boschi PC, Shibuya K, Black RE (2005). WHO child health epidemiology reference group. WHO estimates the causes of death in children. Lancet., 365: 1147-1152.
Dahiru D, John OO, Umaru HA (2003). Effect of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx extract in CCl4 induced liver damage. Biokemistri. 15(1): 27-33.
Doumas BT, Watson WA, Biggs HG (1971). Albumin standards and the measurement of serum albumin with bbromoromoccresol green. Clin. Chim. Acta, 31(1): 87-92.
Eniolorunda OO, Taiwo BBA, Oyewumi OO, Adeyemi, OA. (2008). Performance of laying hens fed graded levels of indomie waste as replacement for maize in a humid tropical environment. Res. J. Anim. Sci. 2(5): 135-138.
Ejembi D, Sanni M (2012). Studies on the consequences of the administration of aqueous extracts of Azadiracta iIndica and Morinda lLucida on the heamatologicalhematological parameters and the activity of phosphatases in rats’ cellular tissues. J. Int. Asian Soc. Sci. 2(8): 1222-1230.
Friedwald WT, Levey RI, Friedrickson DS (1972). Estimation of the concentration of LDL in plasma without the use of preparative concentrating. Clin. Chem. 18: 499-502.
FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) (2015). FSSAI orders recall of all nine variants of maggiMaggi noodles from India. First post. Retrieved 5th June, 2015.
Ganong WF (2006). Review of medical physiology. 21st edition, Lange medical books; Mc Graw-Hill medical publishing division, London. pPp. 652-663.
Go AS, Chertow GM, Fan D, McCulloch CE, and Hsu CY (2004). Chronic kidney disease and the risks of death, cardiovascular events and hospitalization. N. Engl. J. Med. 351: 1296-1305.
Gotoh N (2005). New sight on the possibility of the neurotoxic behavior affected by the oxidized compounds in fats andoils. J. Oleo Sci. 54(7): 397“405.
Gotoh N, Shun W (2005). The importance of peroxide value in assessing food quality and food safety. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 83(5): 473“474.
Gotoh N, Watanabe H, Osato R, Inagaki K, Iwasawa A, Wada S (2006).Novel approach on the risk assessment of oxidized fats and oils for perspectives of food safety and quality. Oxidized fats and oils induce neurotoxicity relating pica behavior and hypo-activity. Food Chem. Toxicol. 44(4): 493-498.
Grand cereals (2015). Poultry feed formulation methods for broiler and layer. Retrieved 7th March, 2016.
Gulia N, Dhaka V, Khatkar BS (2014). Instant noodles: Processing, quality, and nutritional aspects. Crit. Rev. in Food Sci. Nutr. 54(10): 1386-1399.
Guyton AC, Hall JE (2006). Textbook of Medical Physiology (10th edition). Harcourt International Edition. W.B Saunders and Company, Philadelphia, U.S.A. pPp. 782-783.
Henry JJ (Ed.) (1963). Clinical chemistry: Principles and Techniques. Harper and Row, New York. p.P 268.
Hope N (2001). Instant noodles a health hazard: A report. Retrieved 7th November, 2012.
Huang XJ, Choi YK, Im HS, Yarimaga O, Yoon E, Kim HS (2006). Aspartate aminotransferase (AST/GOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT/GPT) detection techniques. Sensors (Basel), 6(7): 756-782.
Igwilo IO, Ogoke TJ, Igwilo SN, Udedi SC, Abdulsalami MS, Okafor CS (2013). The effect of de-fatted Moringa Oleifera seed powder on growth rate and some biochemical parameters of albino rats. The Bio-Sscientist, 1(1): 28-31.
Ijeh II, Obidoa O (2001). Effect of dietary incorporation of two varieties of Vernonia amygdalina leaves on mean relative organ weight of weanling albino rats. Nig. J. Bioch. Mol. Biol. 16(3): 50-51.
Khetarpaul N, Goyal R (2007). Effect of supplementation of soy, sorghum, maize, and rice on the quality of cooked noodles. Ecol. Food Nutr. 46: 61“76.
Kim SG (1996a). Instant noodles. In: Pasta and Noodle Technology; Kruger, J. E., Matsuo, R. B, and Dick, J. W, Eds., American Association of Cereal Chemistry, St Paul, MN, USA. pp. 195“225.
Manfred K (2012). Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety. J. Food Sci. Edu. 9(4): 529-576.
Milinkovic-Tur S, Peric V, Stojevevic Z, Zdelar-Tuk M, Pirsljin J (2005). Concentration of total proteins and albumin and AST, ALT and GGT activities in the blood plasma of mares during pregnancy and early lactation. Veterinerski AEHN, 75(3): 195-202.
Mohammed SGS (2014). Infants feeding and weaning practices among mothers in northern Kordofan state, Sudan. J. Eur. Sci. 10(24): 1857-1881.
Moore KL, Dalley AF (1999). Clinical oriented anatomy (4th Edition). Lippinchott Williams and Williams: A Woller Klumner corporationCorporation, Philadelphia. pPp. 287-299.
Nishi HH, Kestner J, Elin RJ (1985). Four methods for determining total protein compared by using purified protein fractions from human serum. Clin. Chem. 31(1): 95-98.
Nwala CO, Akaninwor JO, Monanu MO (2013). Nutritional studies on rats fed diets formulated from treated and raw samples of Jatropha Curcas seed. Int. J. Engr. Sci. Invent. 2(11): 14-19.
Okoli FC (2014). Brands of instant noodles in Nigeria. Posted 12th May, 2014.
Omole AJ, Okpeze CN, Salako RA, Obi1 OO, Fayenuwol JO (2013). Utilization of noodle waste as replacement for maize in the diet of broiler starter chickens. Am. J. Expt. Agric. 3(4): 1012-1019.
Park CS, Baik BK (2004a). Cooking time of white salted noodles and its relationship with protein and amylose contents of wheat. Cereal Chem. 81: 165“171.
Sellers RS, Morton D, Michael B, Roome N, Johnson JK, Yano BI, Perry R, Schafer K (2007). Society of Toxicologic Pathology position paper: Organ-weight recommendations for toxicology studies. Toxicol. Path. 35: 751“755.
Shin SN, Kim SK (2003). Properties of instant noodle flours produced in Korea. Cereal Foods World. 48(6):310-314.
Sudha ML, Rajeswari G, Rao GV (2011). Influence of defatted soy flour and whey protein concentrate on dough rheological characteristics and quality of instant vermicelli. J. Texture Stud. 42: 72“80.
Sveier H, Raae AJ, Lied E (2000). Growth and protein turnover in atlanticAtlantic salmon. The effect of dietary protein level and protein particle size. Aquacult. 185(1): 101-120.
Tai ES, Sim XL, Ong TH, Wong TW, Saw SM, Orho-Melander M, Ordovas JM, Tan JT, Seislad M (2009). Polymorphisms at newly identified lipid associated loci are associated with blood lipids and cardiovascular disease-an Asian Malay population. J. Lipid Res. 50: 514-520.
Van Hung P, Maeda T, Tsumori R, Morita N (2007). Characteristics of fractionated flours from whole buckwheat grain using a gradual milling system and their application for noodle making. J. Sci. Food Agric. 87: 2823“2829.
Vyas S, Kandpal SD, Semwal J, Chauhan S and Nautiyal V (2014). Trends in weaning practices among infants and toddlers in a hilly terrain of a newly formed state of India. Int. J. Prev. Med. 5(6): 741-748.
Walter M, Gerard H (1970). Ultra-micro method for the determination of conjugated and total bilirubin in serum or plasma. J. Microchem. 15: 231“236.
World Instant Noodle Association (WINA) (2016). Expanding Market: Global demand for instant noodles. Retrieved 8th Februray, 2016.
Wright PJ, Leathwood PD, Plummer DT (1972). Enzymes in rat urine alkaline phosphatase. Enzymologia, 42: 317-327.
Zumdahl SS (ed.) (2009). Chemical Principles 6th-Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. A23.



Dr. Jolyon Dodgson
Faculty of Science,Mahasarakham University
Kantarawichai District,Maha Sarakham Province,Thailand.
Prof. Adel Shatta
Food Technology Department,Faculty of Agriculture,Suez Canal University
Ismailia, 41522,Egypt.



 Received: June 3, 2016  Accepted: June 13, 2016  Published: June 18, 2016


Copyright © 2020 Direct Research Journal of Agriculture and Food Science