Article Number: DRJAFS12959304
Vol. 10(5) Pp. 131-133, May 2022
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Potential Role of Biotechnology Tools for Genetic Improvement of Africa Underutilized Crop: The Case of African Yam Bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) (Hochst. Ex A. Rich.) Harms)
African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) is an underutilized and neglected legume cultivated in Africa. It is considered as one of the lost crop of Africa, but important food crop for millions of people in Africa. The current Corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic that has affected economy around the world, has also affected the farming system in developing countries. Farmers are no longer able to physically go to farms. The impact has been dramatic as farmers scramble to put in place workable short terms solution for continuous farming activities and food production particularly in African where farmers face additional challenges relating to finance and available infrastructures. It has become apparent to advance agricultural knowledge and technology for the production of sufficient and affordable food. Research has a role to play in the production of sufficient food for the world population. This review shows that further study on the use of Biotechnology to improve the genetic makeup of the African yam bean for higher productivity in order to meet the food needs of the growing population has become imperative.
Keywords: African yam bean, Sphenostylis stenocarpa, food, biotechnology