Article Number: DRJVMS36901278

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJVMS36901278

ISSN: 4372-2601

Vol. 5 (2), pp. 8-13, March 2020

Copyright © 2020

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Evaluation of the closure of cystotomy using single versus double row inverting suture pattern with chromic catgut in Nigerian indigenous dogs

Yakubu, A. S.*

Muhammad, U. U.

Abubakar, A. A.

Oviawe, E. I.

Abubakar, N.

Bodinga, H. A.


Abstract

In this study, we evaluated a watertight seal using a single row and double row techniques for the closure of cystotomy in dogs. Eight apparently healthy, Nigerian local dogs weighing between 9-17 kg body weights were used in the study. The dogs were divided into two groups (A and B), each group comprises of 4 dogs of both sexes. Cystotomy incision was made on the dorsal wall of the urinary bladder in both groups. In group A the cystotomy incision was closed with a single row suture pattern and in group B the incision was closed with a double-row technique using chromic catgut size 2/0 in both groups. The single and double row closure techniques were evaluated for leakage through physical evaluation and contrast radiography using Urografin 76% contrast agent. Radiographs were taken immediately and one week postoperative. The physical evaluation revealed evidence of leakage in 25% of the dogs from group B 3 days postoperative. There was no hematuria in all the groups. Anorexia was observed in 50% of dogs from all the groups. Dysuria was also observed in 25% of dogs from all groups. There was vomiting in 100% dogs of group A and 25% dogs of group B. Tachypnea was also observed in 50% dogs of group B. The radiographic evaluation revealed 100% urine seal immediately after the surgery in all experimental animals. One week postoperative radiograph shows urine leakage in group B1b. It was concluded that double-row techniques is more efficient than single row technique in cystotomy closure in dogs.


Keywords: Cystotomy, double-row techniques, tachypnea, dogs, radiography


 Received: March 7, 2020  Accepted: March 25, 2020  Published: March 30, 2020

Yakubu Et Al


Copyright © 2020 Direct Research Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science