Phytochemical Analysis of Polyalthia Longifolia (Fresh Leaves) Phytochemical Analysis of Polyalthia Longifolia (Fresh Leaves) – Direct Research Journal of Chemistry and Material Science
Original Research Article

Phytochemical Analysis of Polyalthia Longifolia (Fresh Leaves)

Chioma, Donlawson

Reminus, Okah*

Article Number: DRJCMS10732846
ISSN: 2354-4163

Vol. 11(7), Pp. 49-52, September 2023

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The Polyalthia longifolia plant is a significant source of phytochemicals, which are chemicals produced by plants through metabolism. Analysis of its leaves using standard procedures shows that it contains saponin, flavonoid, alkaloid, hydrogen cyanide, total phenol, and terpenoids. The presence of these phytochemicals contributes to the nutritive and medicinal potency of the plant. The phytochemicals study of the plant reveals that the plant is particularly rich in saponin 3.21, flavonoid 7.14, alkaloid 4.84, Hydrogen cyanide 1.73, total phenol 2.96 and Terpenoids 4.11. These compounds have several benefits, including anti-cancer, anti-oxidants, and anti-haemorrhoids properties. Additionally, the plant can be used to reduce fibroids and is applicable industrially as food preservatives, cosmetics, and sweeteners. While the presence of hydrogen cyanide in the plant leaves may be a concern for some, the levels detected are not significant enough to have any lethal effect. Moreover, the compound can easily be detoxified. In conclusion, Polyalthia longifolia is a highly beneficial plant due to its rich content of phytochemicals. Its applications in medicine and industry make it a valuable resource.

Keywords: Polyalthia longifolia saponin. hydrogen cyanide, total phenol and terpenoids
 Received: August 1, 2023  Accepted: August 28, 2023  Published: September 7, 2023

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