Article Number: DRJHP2918967301
Vol.9, pp. 15-19, 2021
Copyright © 2021
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
Original Research Article
Cervical cancer education for behavioural change among antenatal patients for prevention of cervical cancer in Ondo State, Nigeria
This study looked into cervical cancer education for behaviour interventions among antenatal patients in Ondo State, Nigeria, to prevent cervical cancer. The study employed a Quazi experimental research design with pre and post-intervention without a control group. The study’s population consists of all women of childbearing age in Ondo State. The sample for the study was120 consented participants selected throughout the state. The samples were selected after obtaining ethical approval from Ondo State Ministry of Health and the Federal Medical Centre Research and Ethic committee. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to select the participants. The face, content and construct validities of the instrument were established. The correlation coefficient index of 0.85 was obtained and the instrument was considered valid. The reliability coefficient of 0.88 was obtained and was considered good and reliable for the study. The research questions raised were answered descriptively using percentage, mean, standard deviation while all the hypotheses were tested at a 0.05 level of significance using inferential statistics. Based on the analysis of data of this study, there was a significant main effect of treatment on behavioural modification and attitudinal change of the participants towards cervical cancer prevention. Based on the findings of this study, it was therefore concluded that cervical cancer could be prevented through early detection, behavioural modification and attitudinal change to a positive lifestyle to enhance a good prognosis. The researcher recommended that there should be regular training of health workers to improve their interpersonal relationship with the target population. Cervical cancer education should be directed towards attitudinal change to avoid risky health behaviour to enhance a decrease in the morbidity and mortality rate of cervical cancer.
Keywords: cervical cancer, antenatal, behavioural change, modification, attitude, prevention