Article Number: DRJA17085316
Vol.4 (1), pp. 8-13, January 2016
Copyright © 2016
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
Original Research Article
Complication and risk factors of diabetes mellitus in the population of Usheri Dara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Diabetes mellitus (DM) occurs due to relative or absolute deficiency of insulin hormone released from beta cells of islets of Langerhans of pancreas.The present research is regarding the complications and risk factors of diabetes mellitus in Usheri Dara (UD), Dir Upper (DU), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan during June 2013-August 2014. A questionnaire was developed having almost all information related DM. The designed questionnaires were distributed randomly among the people (n=500) of Usheri Dara, which was divided in 7 quadrates, viz., Katten, Jabbar, Almas, Tarpatar, Usheri Khas, Batal and Garkohi. Complications of DM were cardiac myopathy, nephropathy, diabetic foot, however, retinopathy was maximum (4%). Family history of diseases of diabetic patients observed were high cholesterol, heart diseases and others, however, high blood pressure was maximum (6.6%). The duration of insulin therapy used by maximum number of diabetic patients was 7-8 months. Majority of the respondents were college students (20%). It was concluded that the risk factor for diabetes was high blood pressure. Adopting healthy life style and use of proper therapeutic regimen is prerequisite for prevention.
Key words: Complication, diabetes mellitus (DM), epidemic, hyperglycemia, hypertension