Article Number: DRJHP37502183

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3374950

ISSN: 2449-0814

Vol.6 (3), pp. 27-34, August 2018

Copyright © 2018

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Review

Leishmaniasis:  A neglected tropical disease

*Makun Babazhitsu

Awosanya Joseph Abioye


Abstract

Leishmaniasis refers to a diverse spectrum of clinical syndromes caused by infection with protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. They are widely distributed across the tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions in 88 countries, 72 of which are in developing areas of the world. The diagnosis and treatment of the different syndromes produced by these parasites are particularly difficult in developed and non-endemic countries because of poor knowledge of clinical symptoms, diagnostic possibilities, and available treatment options. This article highlights the biology, life cycle, diagnostic, chemotherapeutic, and strategies to control Leishmaniasis.


Keywords: Leishmaniasis; biology; life cycle; diagnosis; treatment; prevention


 Received: June 30, 2018  Accepted: July 20, 2018  Published: August 30, 2018

Babazhitsu And Awosanya


Copyright © 2019 Direct Research Journal of Health and Pharmacology