Article Number: DRJSSES76858445
Vol. 7 (4), pp.54-61, May 2020
Copyright © 2020
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
China and its Contribution to Addressing Peace and Security Challenges in the Horn of Africa
The Horn of Africa is a term given to the geographic map in the North-East part of the African continent. In its wider spatial conception, geopolitical significance, commonalities of challenges of peace and security, the nature of state politics and relations, the fluctuating nature of conflict and cooperation, as well as convergence and divergences of interests, the region encompasses eight countries. The region connects Africa with Europe, Asia, and the wider Middle East region as it protrudes into the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea, which is the longest trade route connecting the Suez Canal in the north via Bab el Mandeb to the Indian Ocean. Despite its geopolitical significance, the region remains one of the most unstable, underdeveloped, and volatile securities in Africa. These multiple challenges and inter-linkages affect not only the region but also the international community in a variety of forms; piracy and terrorism are few cases to mention. This calls the involvement of responsible big powers, either as they are responsible to play their part in the maintenance of international peace and security or due to their geopolitical and commercial interest or a merger of all. Currently, various powers are engaged in the promotion of peace and security in the region, of which China is one. In lieu of this, then, this paper examined the major tasks that China is engaged in the promotion of peace and security in the region, presided by theoretical frameworks pertaining to peace and security as well as big power responsibility.
Keywords: Peace and security, big power responsibility, peacekeeping, pirates