Article Number: DRJSSES5091231321
Vol. 7 (6), pp. 153-167, July 2020
Copyright © 2020
Author(s) retain the copyright of this article
Original Research Article
Transportation and Poverty Reduction in Yobe State
This research work is on the Commercial Bus Service and Poverty Reduction in Yobe state. It investigated the impact of distributed commercial mass transit buses with the sole objective of poverty reduction, the commercial bus drivers were selected for the study to find out whether the use of mass transit buses actually reduce poverty or not. Observation and questionnaire method was employed in the study and the Tobit model was used for the analysis. The study was carried out in the three local government areas of Yobe State (Damaturu, Potiskum, and Gashua) with varying strength of economic activities. However, the activities of the commercial bus operators in the three local governments are assumed to be similar since the type of buses and cost of maintenance as well as the price of fuel liters is essentially the same. This, therefore, point to the fact that the population of the study is homogenous hence; the population was selected on the basis of the volume of the economic activities. Damaturu which is the State capital is assumed to be stronger in terms of economic activities and as such 100 respondents (commercial bus operators) were selected from the state capital, 70 respondents were chosen from Gashua local government and 50 from Potiskum local government respectively. The choice of the population size is based on the volume of economic activities in the respective local government areas. The study employed primary data which was sourced through field survey using questionnaires and focused group discussions approaches. In addition, an effort was made to obtain other relevant information regarding the history or general operations of the business at present and in the time past. The secondary data required for this study was sourced from textbooks, journals, and statistical bulletins. The findings showed that there is no significant reduction in the poverty level of the drivers and their entire household since when they are driving the mass transit bus compared to the poverty level they were before the distribution of mass transit. The kind of questions asked is: What are the socio-economic characteristics of commercial bus service providers? What is the contribution of commercial bus service to income generation in the study area? How effective is commercial bus service in reducing poverty in the study area? What are the major constraints of commercial bus service providers? The major objective of this study is to assess the impact of commercial bus service on poverty reduction in Yobe State.
Keywords: Poverty reduction, commercial bus service, Yobe State