Article Number: DRJBB20724428

DOI: https://doi.org/10.26765/DRJBB20724428

ISSN: 2734-2158

Vol.6 (5), pp. 57-63, August 2020

Copyright © 2020

Author(s) retain the copyright of this article


Original Research Article

Effects of Phyllanthus Amarus (Stone-Breaker) Leaf Meal Supplementation on Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chickens

*Unigwe, C. R.

Enibe, F.,

Igwe, K. K.

Igwe, I. R.

Stephen, N. O.

Koleosho, S. A.

Balogun, F. A.

Shobowale, O. M.

Okonkwo, C. J. B.


Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of Phyllanthus amarus leaf meal (PALM) on haematology and serum biochemistry broiler chickens. One hundred and twenty (120) day old marshal broiler chickens were used for the experiment that lasted for 56 days. The birds were randomly allotted to four treatments of T0 (control, no PALM), T1 (2.5g/kg PALM), T2 (5.0g/kg PALM), T3 (7.5g/kg PALM) and T4 (10g/kg PALM) in a complete randomized design (CRD). Each treatment was replicated thrice with 8 birds per replicate. The birds were fed with measured commercial TopR feed whereas water was given ad-libitum. At the end of the experiment, blood samples were aseptically collected via venopuncture from a randomly selected bird per replicate to determine the haematology and serum biochemistry. The data were subjected to analysis of variance and the statistical difference in means was separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The haematology results showed no significant difference (p>0.05) across groups except for RBC count where T4 was significantly different (p<0.05) from others and eosinophil count where T0, T1, and T4 were similar but different (p<0.05) from T2 and T3. The serum biochemistry parameters equally showed no significant difference (p>0.05) except for the uric acid where T4 was statistically different (p<0.05) from others whereas T2 and T3 also differed (p<0.05) from T0 and T1 and urea that had T4 and T3 (p>0.05) differed from T2 and T1 (p>0.05) and T0. It can, therefore, be concluded that PALM enhances positive haematological and serum biochemical parameters. It is recommended that PALM even up to 5g/kg can be used in broiler chicken without deleterious effects on haematological and serum biochemical parameters.


Keywords: Broiler chicken, haematology, phyllanthus amarus, serum biochemistry


 Received: July 5, 2020  Accepted: August 12, 2020  Published: August 30, 2020

Unigwe Et Al


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